World Bulletin / News Desk
The 'Rabaa sign' has become the symbol of protests against the military coup in Egypt and the center of the anti-coup protests, Rabaa al-Adawiya Square.
Made by raising four fingers with the thumb resting on the palm, the sign has come to represent civilian demonstrations protesting the ouster of Egypt's first democratically elected president Mohamed Morsi and the ensuing violence that killed hundreds of people.
Rabaa means four or fourth in Arabic. Just a few hours before the massacre on August 14, anti-coup protesters in Egypt were struggling to voice their demands to the world by raising their four fingers.
Rabaa al-Adawiya Square is now as famous as Tahrir Square in Cairo due to the resistance it hosted by hundreds of thousands of protesters for more than two months. Last week, the square witnessed some of the worst atrocities against civilians in recent years.
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan also flashed the Rabaa sign during a rally of his Justice and Development (AK) Party on Saturday in the northwestern province of Bursa.
Turkey has emerged as one of the fiercest critics of the July 3 ouster of Morsi by the powerful Egyptian military. Ankara has described Wednesday's violent crackdown on two major anti-coup sit-ins in Cairo's Rabaa and Giza's Nahda squares as a "massacre".
In Saturday's rally in Bursa, the Turkish premier accused Egypt's coup leaders of "state terrorism".
Rabaa al-Adawiya Square was named after a religious woman called Adawiya. Since Adawiya was the fourth child of the family, the Arabic adjective rabaa was affixed to her name.
The significance of the name is said to come from Adawiya's struggle for freedom all her life. Now with the anti-coup protests, the meaning of this name has given birth to a new symbol.
Anti-coup protesters use the Rabaa sign both as a reference to the name of the square and to distinguish themselves from pro-coup protesters in Tahrir Square, which prefer the internationally popular "V sign" for victory or peace.
The Rabaa sign has gradually risen in popularity in Egypt during the protests and eventually come to be used as often as the V sign.
The anti-coup protesters say that the Rabaa sign, besides being the symbol of demonstrations, carries some other meanings as well.
It obviously refers to the square, and distinguishes it from Tahrir Square that housed the supporters of the military coup. But the sign also refers to the deposed president as the fourth president of Egypt after Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak.
Autonomous Republic of Crimea is the second center after Kiev with a political crisis with pro-Russian protests and de facto Russian military control
Sevastopol's deep water port, sheltered bay, and the fact that it never freezes over, make it the best natural harbour in the Black Sea.
The leader of Tunisia's Ennahda Movement, Rachid Al-Ghannouchi, said Tunisia's new constitution is “a marriage between Islam and democracy, between Islam and human rights, between Islam and universal values."
Nearly seven months since forces violently evicted ousted president Mohamed Morsi's supporters from Rabaa al-Adawiya Square, Egyptians are still left guessing about the number of people killed.
The mobilisation appears aimed at reinforcing the government's long-standing assertion that Syrian citizens want Assad to stand.
Citizens' forum participants are seeking change from the bottom-up, breaking with years of failed, top-down Western intervention.
Almost a week after Russian forces began their swift and bloodless takeover of the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula, there is a standoff as the two sides dig in and play a waiting game
Russia's military operation in Ukraine has been accompanied by a particularly assertive media campaign
The demand for psychiatric care has never been greater. Psychiatrists find themselves overwhelmed by cases of war-related trauma.
Moscow mobilised some 150,000 troops last week before moving into Ukraine, many of them recently re-equipped units.
The former Soviet republics of Estonia and Latvia have their own large ethnic Russian minorities and are alarmed by President Vladimir Putin's justification for Russian actions in and around Ukraine
The same way the fall of the Iberian peninsula and Granada shaped the future of Muslims in western Europe, the fall of the Crimean peninsula determined the future of Muslims inm north-western Asia and eastern Europe. For this reason, Crimea can be thought of as a 'second Andalus.'
The battle is not between the troops, but in the arguments among the civilians who have come here to support one side, the other, or sometimes - both
The indigenous Muslim people of the isolated Black Sea peninsula have all but vanished from the public square, keeping their heads down to avoid being sucked into war.
On Feb. 28, 1997, the military effectively deposed the duly elected prime minister, Necmettin Erbakan, a portly, balding Islamist academic who had been in office less than a year, leading to the collapse of Erbakan's coalition government.
Catholic Ireland's system of compelling unwed mothers to give up their babies to secret adoptions ended in the 1980s, but thousands of mothers and children are still being kept apart.