Cheap, portable and easy-to-use tests developed by a Turkish scientist in his laboratories at the Harvard Medical School and the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology will be put into markets in coming years.
Assistant Professor Utkan Demirci of Medicine and Health Sciences and Technology developed a number of micro-devices including a microchip which diagnoses HIV/AIDS within a few minutes.
34-year-old scientist and his 40-member team at the Harvard Medical SchoolBrigham & Women's Hospital apply nano and microscale technologies to manipulate cells in nanoliter volumes to enable solutions to real world problems in medicine including applications in infectious disease diagnostics and monitoring, cell encapsulation and assembly for cryobiology, and tissue engineering.
Demirci further developed the microchip he invented in 2006 to diagnose AIDS, and tested it on 115 patience in Tanzania last year. Results of the tests were published.
Another microchip developed by Demirci and his team enables patients to determine their sperm count and quality in only 30 minutes.
Demirci's scientific work has been recognized by numerous national and international awards. Demirci was given the Chinese International Young Scientist Award by the National Science Foundation of China in 2010. Demirci was recognized by Junior Chamber International (JCI) globally among the ten outstanding young persons of the world in "Medical Innovation" in 2009. In 2008, Demirci was given the Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School-Young Investigator Award.
Demirci received the Coulter Foundation Early Career Award in Biotechnology in 2007 and in 2009. He was also awarded by Nano-Biotechnology Award by the National Science Council of Turkey and The Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (TUSIAD).
In 2006, he was selected to TR-35 as one of the world's top 35 young innovators under the age of 35 by the MIT Technology Review. He is one of the few recipients of the prestigious Full Presidential Fellowship given by the Turkish Ministry of Education. In 2004, he lead a team that won the Stanford University Entrepreneur's Challenge Competition and Global Start-up Competition in Singapore based on his doctoral work.
The outbreak is by far the largest in the four-year history of the disease, with 729 deaths so far, including more than 60 healthcare workers, and 1,323 cases overall
Security forces in Liberia were ordered to enforce the action plan, which includes placing all non-essential government workers on 30-day compulsory leave.
Scientists analysed blood samples from 1,241 malaria patients in 10 countries across Asia and Africa and found resistance to the world's most effective antimalarial drug.
The death of Sheik Umar Khan, who was credited with treating more than 100 patients, follows those of dozens of local health workers and the infection of two American medics in neighbouring Liberia
The hospital will be shut for a week and all staff monitored to ensure the virus has not spread
The new measures announced by the government came as Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone struggle to contain the worst outbreak yet of the virus.
Angry crowds gathered outside the country's main Ebola hospital in Kenema where dozens are receiving treatment for the virus, and threatened to burn it down and remove the patients.
Asia’s largest copper mine in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is causing serious damage to the environment.
The victim has been identified as Patrick Sawyer, a 40-year-old Liberian who arrived in Lagos on Sunday.
An MSF report found that malaria cases in Bossangoa had more than tripled to 6,507 in May with almost two-thirds of those children under the age of five.
If confirmed, the case would be the first on record of one of the world's deadliest diseases in Nigeria, Africa's biggest economy and, with 170 million people, its most populous country.
Researchers said the findings challenge the universal endorsement of paracetamol as the first choice painkiller for lower back pain.
The 39-year-old Sheik Umar Khan, hailed as a "national hero" by the health ministry, was leading the fight to control an outbreak that has killed 206 people in the West African country
Shanghai food watchdog said it sealed more than 1,000 tonnes of suspected meat products from OSI in China, and a further 100 tonnes of products from a range of its customers.
Children in Syria are at greatest risk as routine immunisation has been disrupted and many health centres are severely damaged after more than three years of conflict
151 people who came into direct contact with the victim were also placed in quarantine.