Women who exercise moderately may be less likely than their inactive peers to develop breast cancer after menopause, according to a U.S. study.
Researchers, whose study was published in the journal Cancer, found that of more than 3,000 women with and without breast cancer, those who'd exercised during their childbearing years were less likely to develop the cancer after menopause.
The same was true when women took up exercise after menopause, said the group, led by Lauren McCullough at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
"What we can say is, exercise is good for you," McCullough said.
"It's never too late to start. Our evidence suggests that if you start after menopause, you can still help yourself."
The findings add to a number of past studies tying regular exercise to lower breast cancer rates. But all the studies only point to a correlation and don't prove that exercise itself is what reduces women's breast cancer risk.
There are reasons, though, to believe it can, said McCullough.
One possible way is indirectly, by cutting body fat, she said. Excess body fat is related to higher levels of certain hormones, including estrogen, as well as substances known as growth factors which can feed tumor development.
But exercise might also have direct effects by boosting the immune system or the body's ability to clear cell-damaging "free radicals."
In the study, which included 1,500 women with breast cancer and 1,550 cancer-free women of the same age, all were interviewed about their lifetime exercise habits and other lifestyle factors, like smoking and drinking.
The researchers found a connection between exercise and breast cancer risk only among women who had already gone through menopause.
Those who'd exercised for 10 to 19 hours a week in their "reproductive years" - the years between having their first child and going through menopause - were one-third less likely to have breast cancer than women who'd been sedentary during that time.
Women who'd started exercising after menopause also had a lower risk. If they averaged 9 to 17 hours a week, they were 30 percent less likely to have breast cancer than their inactive peers.
Of course, women who exercise can be different from sedentary women in many ways. So the researchers accounted for differences in education, income, smoking and certain other factors. Exercise was still linked to lower breast cancer risk.
Then the researchers took a closer look at body weight.
They found that among relatively lighter women, exercise was linked to lower breast cancer risks. And for obese women, it may have mitigated the increased breast cancer risk tied to their excess weight.
There was no link seen between exercise and breast cancer for the nearly 1,000 women in the study who developed breast cancer before menopause. That may be because beast cancer earlier in life has different causes.
The study had a number of limitations, including relying on women's memories of their exercise habits over a lifetime. In addition, any study like this can only look at broad patterns.
For now, McCullough said her findings support what's already recommended for good health - to get exercise. SOURCE: http://bit.ly/Mv5I72
The victim has been identified as Patrick Sawyer, a 40-year-old Liberian who arrived in Lagos on Sunday.
An MSF report found that malaria cases in Bossangoa had more than tripled to 6,507 in May with almost two-thirds of those children under the age of five.
If confirmed, the case would be the first on record of one of the world's deadliest diseases in Nigeria, Africa's biggest economy and, with 170 million people, its most populous country.
Researchers said the findings challenge the universal endorsement of paracetamol as the first choice painkiller for lower back pain.
The 39-year-old Sheik Umar Khan, hailed as a "national hero" by the health ministry, was leading the fight to control an outbreak that has killed 206 people in the West African country
Shanghai food watchdog said it sealed more than 1,000 tonnes of suspected meat products from OSI in China, and a further 100 tonnes of products from a range of its customers.
Children in Syria are at greatest risk as routine immunisation has been disrupted and many health centres are severely damaged after more than three years of conflict
151 people who came into direct contact with the victim were also placed in quarantine.
Viruses that spread through air - such as flu viruses for example - are far more likely to spread swiftly and widely in human populations
TV report that showed workers picking up meat from a factory floor, as well as mixing meat beyond its expiration date with fresh meat
Religious leaders to preach in their churches and mosques for a change of attitude towards the disease
The three people in the latest reported cases had "mild symptoms" and have fully recovered after being treated with antibiotics, the department said, adding that they are no longer contagious.
A state landmark, Mount Rainier last erupted in the 19th century. It is widely expected to erupt again, according to the U.S. National Park Service.
The new vaccine will help save the lives of hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese children.
Food security became a hot topic after record high grain prices in 2008 marked the start of a period of volatility.
An agreement by the court with the advocate general's opinion would have significant repercussions on employers as they could be required to make special adjustments for morbidly obese employees