World Bulletin / News Desk
Russia proposed changes on Thursday to international mediator Kofi Annan's plan for a national unity government in Syria, despite initially supporting it, but the United States, Britain and France rejected the amendments, Western diplomats said.
The suggested changes are related to Moscow's refusal to support the ouster of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, diplomats said on condition of anonymity.
Russia and the other permanent U.N. Security Council members told Annan this week they support a transitional Cabinet that could include government and opposition members but would "exclude ... those whose continued presence and participation would undermine the credibility of the transition and jeopardize stability and reconciliation," according to Annan's proposal.
Diplomats told Reuters that Annan's idea of excluding certain people was clearly referring to Assad, though the proposal does not explicitly say the Syrian president could not serve in a national unity government.
Annan's proposal for a political transition aimed at ending the 16-month conflict in Syria is one of the main issues that Russia, the other four permanent Security Council members and key players in the Middle East planned to discuss at a high-level meeting in Geneva on Saturday.
Although Russia signaled to Annan this week that his plan was acceptable to Moscow, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov reversed course on Thursday, diplomats said. He publicly complained on the Foreign Ministry's Twitter feed about the way details of Annan's proposal were leaked to the media.
"Any leaks to press from draft report on Annan plan are evidence of unscrupulous diplomatic practices," Lavrov said.
Diplomats said the Russians have now demanded that Annan remove from his proposal the language about excluding people from a Syrian national unity government, an amendment they said was unacceptable.
Annan and the Western delegations were encouraging Moscow to drop the demand, envoys said, adding that the issue would certainly come up when Lavrov and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton meet in Russia on Friday.
One diplomat said the Russians were now "walking back" from their earlier for support for Annan's proposal. They said the United States, Britain and France had waited until Russia informed Annan of its acceptance of his political transition proposal before agreeing to go to Geneva to discuss it.
A senior Western diplomat said the United States, Britain and France were getting "mixed messages from Russia, which could put the Geneva meeting in doubt."
The language about excluding certain people is the whole point of Annan's political transition plan, which cannot be credible if it leaves Assad in power, the envoys said.
"Without that sentence about exclusions, there's no transition plan," said one diplomat.
Moscow has refused to abandon Assad, a staunch Russian ally and major purchaser of Russian weapons.
Another amendment suggested by Russia, which Western diplomats said was equally unacceptable, was to include a call on the Syrian government and the opposition to stop fighting simultaneously.
"Obviously the government has to stop fighting first," a Western diplomat said.
Russia's U.N. mission was not immediately available for a response.
Annan had made preliminary acceptance of his guidelines for a political transition for Syria a condition for organizing Saturday's meeting in Geneva. The meeting is to include the Turkey, United States, Britain, France, Russia, China, Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar. Iran and Saudi Arabia were not invited.
Senior diplomats from the countries attending the meeting will gather in Geneva on Friday to try to prevent any collapse of Saturday's ministerial-level talks.
Russia has repeatedly said it supports Annan's idea of creating a "contact group" of powerful nations and regional players with influence on the Syrian government or the opposition to push for an end to the violence in Syria.
Moscow has also said it is not insisting that Assad must remain in power at all costs, but that any decision on whether or not he should step down should come from the Syrian people, not from outside pressure or military intervention, as happened last year in Libya.
The United States, Britain and France have said that Assad is responsible for the violence, which the United Nations estimates has killed at least 10,000 people, is no longer fit to govern. Russia and China, however, reject what they describe as Western calls for "regime change."
Head of the Labour-led Zionist Union coalition said he still wants a two-state solution, bu does not believe it's achievable in present circumstances
A monitor reports on devastating deadly impact of Assad regime's offensive in the northern province
Russia's ambassador to Damascus shares his estimates on the number of Russian citizens living in Syria
Explosives, suicide belts have been found on suspects at Syria border
According to the Defense Intelligence Chief, the Russian support has given Assad a much better position to negotiate with world powers
Syrians recount how their life has changed under the brutal shelling of strikes in Aleppo
'2015 was by and large a decent year for news on the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction,' International Institute for Strategic Studies chief says
State-run television says a 'number of citizens' were killed and injured
'The fact that the Guardian Council added over 1,400 to the approved list shows the efficiency of the government's follow-ups and consultations,' interior ministry says
Two separate trials have been opened in UAE against 26 people in total over suspected links to Al-Qaeda and Hezbollah armed groups
UN refugee agency wants Turkey to open its borders to the Syrians fleeing from Aleppo
'We have discussed the potential value of a special operations capability inside that element, which would be valuable,' Saudi foreign minister says
Forces loyal to Hadi lay siege Aden's central Mansura district and clashed with militants, while coalition Apache helicopters provided air cover
The proposal, denounced by critics as likely to encourage a witch-hunt against leftist groups that campaign for the defence of Palestinian rights, passed nonetheless following a tense debate
FM Steinmeier is to host meeting on Thursday of foreign ministers from US, Russia and regional powers, including Saudi Arabia, Iran and Turkey
Footage showing Egypt president's convoy driving over several kilometres of red carpet sparks outrage on social media