World Bulletin/News Desk
West African leaders urged Mali's politicians on Saturday to urgently form a national unity government and request U.N. backing for troops from the ECOWAS regional bloc to help in the fight against militants occupying the north.
Once seen as an example of African democracy, Mali was plunged into chaos in March after troops toppled the president, leaving a power vacuum that enabled separatist Tuareg rebels to seize nearly two-thirds of the country.
The Ansar Dine and other militant groups have since hijacked the uprising and now control Mali's desert north, which includes the regions of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu where historic and religious sites have been destroyed in recent days.
West African leaders have been trying to help Malian political leaders in the capital Bamako to set aside their differences and tackle the security problems in the north.
The presidents of Nigeria, Togo, Ivory Coast, Niger, Benin and Burkina Faso said in a statement after a meeting that Mali's interim president, Dioncounda Traore, should "promptly send a request to ECOWAS and the U.N., asking for the deployment of an ECOWAS force to support the Malian army".
African officials have said previously that Nigeria, Niger and Senegal have pledged to provide the core of a 3,270-member force whose mission would be to bolster Mali's fragmented army and stabilise political institutions, and then tackle the rebel-held north if talks failed.
Traore, recovering in Paris from a fractured skull after being attacked by a crowd in his office in May, did not attend the meeting.
"Mali's political leaders should make proposals to the interim president to form a national unity government by July 31, which would be responsible for the implementation of a roadmap out of the crisis," said the West African presidents.
They said security measures should be put in place to guarantee the safe return and protection of Traore.
"We feel that the situation of institutions in Bamako is very fragile, while that in the north of Mali is fast deteriorating," said Blaise Compaore, president of Burkina Faso and host of the meeting.
The six presidents asked the International Criminal Court to investigate possible war crimes in northern Mali.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini speaks with Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov
Russian lawmakers' move came only a day after the Turkish air force shot down a Russian fighter jet for violating its airspace
EU budget for 2016 has more than doubled funding for migration-related measures within 28-member bloc
A bomb killing 12 exploded in the capital of Tunisia on Tuesday near a police car belonging to the Tunisian presidency
Ukraine has banned all Russian airlines from transiting its airspace
Several countries and bodies condemned Tuesday’s deadly attack in Tunis
Pope Francis landed in Kenya's capital Nairobi on the first leg of a landmark trip to Africa
According to eyewitnesses, the embassy premises were hurled with stones, eggs and can of paint
Russian FM reassured that Russia does not plan to 'go to war' with Turkey
Total of 147 heads of state and government will attend the climate summit in Paris next week
Russia has also decided to send a cruiser equipped with air defense system to the shore zone of Latakia, Russian Armed Forces general says
Washington and Paris have both stepped up their fight against ISIL in Syria, with calling for more international cooperation against the extremists
'Europe must say that it can no longer accommodate so many refugees, it is not possible,' PM Valls says
A deadly blast comes days after 21 people died in attack in Malian capital
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has issued a travel warning advising Russians not to visit Turkey in wake of the downing of the Russian jet yesterday.