(Nigeria) - Usman Aliyu, World Bulletin
Muslims in Hausa land northern part of Nigeria commence their fasting of the month of Ramadan by an official announcement made from the emirate council of the Muslims leader. People are made inform about the cast of the moon on the sky. In the night before the first day of Ramadan children as well as male teenagers begin to stroll along the street and roads celebrating by drumming and singing.
Children drumming and singing at night celebrating the commencement of Ramadan
Families have to schedule their meal time table from the beginning to the last of the month which is sahur (meal before dawn) and iftar (meal after dusk). Different traditional Hausa cuisines and dishes are cooked, some of the famous are; tuwo da miya, kunun tsami, kosai, kwadon ganye and others.
Traditional Hausa foods and cuisines
In some rural areas, drummers using traditional drums are assigned to roam about the streets beating drums in order to make people awake from sleep for their sahur meal.Teravih is a voluntary and congregational prayer offer by the Muslims from the first day to the last day of the month.
Ramadan is the holy month in which many Muslims devoted their time in prayers and giving charity therefore seeking for the mercy of Allah, many mosques organized Quran tafseer (the translation of Quran) and many Islamic scholars give seminars in order to keep motivating people to steed fast in their worship throughout the month.
After the first-ten days of the month, children as well as teenagers are participating in cultural activity called “tashe”. In Hausa language tashe literally refers to activities which involve: folk dancing, traditional songs and comedic plays, act in order to entertain people. The players roam from house to house during day and night entertaining and they receive money in return. Some of the players roam in market places during the day and they also receive items or money from the marketers, these activities last for the period of ten days. During the last ten days of the Ramadan Muslims according to the holy Quran believed in a miracle night of Kadır, many endeavor their time during the mid-night going to Mosques for a prayer called tahhajud. Furthermore, in the last ten days of the month families strive as much as possibly to buy new costumes for the members of the family, and these costumes are used for the eid- fitr celebration, a celebration which marks the end of the month and traditionally Muslims in Hausa lands finished their fasting after an official announcement made by the Muslims leader from the emirate council informing the cast of the new month of Shawwal.
A typical Hausa costumes A typical Hausa cap