World Bulletin/News Desk
A proposed corporate tax break on profits derived from research and development done in the United States is winning some bipartisan support in Congress, with the promise that it could spur jobs and innovation.
A "patent box" tax break is in the policy mix as lawmakers target full-scale tax reform in 2013. The idea is to give companies a tax break, an d a sizable one, on profits derived from patented products that originated with U.S. research and development.
Several European Union countries have embraced the patent box and the United Kingdom is set to adopt it next year. A bipartisan pair of U.S. lawmakers this week introduced a bill with a 10 percent tax for qualifying income.
The idea has its skeptics, both on its merits and viability. Critics say another tax break for business would lead to a race to the bottom in tax rates and potentially cut revenues. Backers say the global economy requires countries to compete to lure innovation.
"There is a race going on and the idea that we can just pretend we are not going to run the race is not a luxury we have," said Robert Atkinson, president of the Information Technology and Information Foundation, a think tank that gets some corporate funding.
Several experts at a recent meeting in Washington said a U.S. patent box, named for a box printed on tax return forms that companies would check to claim the break, might be too complex to implement.
"The main challenge in designing a patent box regime is to isolate income attributable to patents," said Peter Merrill, an economist at PricewaterhouseCoopers and former chief economist at the congressional Joint Committee on Taxation.
Merrill said the evidence links patent box policies to increased patent activity, but not necessarily to job growth.
In the United States, both Democrats and Republicans widely back a broad revamp of the U.S. tax code, likely including a cut in the corporate tax rate, which is high by global standards.
Movement of American jobs abroad is a hot political issue amid a sluggish economy and a tight presidential race.
President Barack Obama and some fellow Democrats support special tax breaks to encourage companies to move jobs back to the United States, while rival Republican presidential hopeful Mitt Romney says Obama's policies have hurt the economy.
Comprehensive tax reform, last accomplished in 1986 under President Ronald Reagan, is a daunting project expected to take years. Backers are pushing the patent box as a step forward.
"We should start by mixing the old, Americans' might in manufacturing, with the new, America's might in innovation," said Democratic Representative Allyson Schwartz, who has offered a patent box bill with House Republican Charles Boustany.
Any congressional action on the Schwartz-Boustany bill, or a parallel measure in the Senate, is unlikely before 2013.
A patent box proposal is among options in a corporate tax reform blueprint released last year by Republican Representative David Camp, chairman of the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee in the House of Representatives.
"While they haven't endorsed it, they are looking at it as a viable option," said Boustany spokesman Neal Patel.
The U.K.'s new system led drug giant GlaxoSmithKline Plc to promise more jobs in Britain. In March the company, which has cited the country's new patent box as a lure, said it would invest $792 million in a biotech plant there.
Ecuador, Egypt, Pakistan, Venezuela, Belize, Cuba, Cyprus, Greece, Jamaica and Ukraine are all on the verge of a default, according to Moody's ratings.
A World Trade Organisation pact to ease worldwide customs rules collapsed late on Thursday over India's demands for concessions on agricultural stockpiling.
India's new nationalist government has insisted that a permanent agreement on its subsidised food stockpiling must be in place at the same time as the trade facilitation deal
Chemicals firm LyondellBasell has emerged as the mystery American buyer of Kurdish crude oil this year, but said it will not be buying any more
Some EU member states remain nervous about the impact on their own fragile economies. The sanctions deal was agreed only after initial proposals were narrowed.
Bankers in Singapore say Russians looking for a new Cyprus have come to the wrong place.
The default could get much messier and take longer to clear up if creditors force an "acceleration" for early payment on their bonds.
The ban came a day after the European Union and United States imposed their first sanctions aimed at hitting broad sectors of the Russian economy
Russia called new U.S. sanctions "destructive and short-sighted"
While the default will obviously hurt the economy, it will not be as severe as in 2001, economists say
The Czechs, who supported the action, have been against sweeping sanctions, worried about trade relations with Russia
The trade program has been criticized for disproportionately benefiting certain industries and a handful of countries, including Nigeria, South Africa and Angola.
The United Kalavrvta tanker, carrying some 1 million barrels of crude worth about $100 million, arrived off the coast of Texas on Saturday but has yet to unload its disputed cargo.
The uncertainty comes at a bad time for the 18 countries in the euro zone, whose economy is already in the doldrums.
"Kalashnikov regrets that consumers are faced with such a problem," said spokeswoman Yekaterina Boni.
Cairo and Khartoum had earlier accepted a proposal by Addis Ababa to hold the talks in Sudan in the third week of August.