World Bulletin/News Desk
Australia's plan to reopen detention centres on remote Pacific islands for asylum seekers and migrants who arrive by sea could violate their human rights and harm their mental health, the United Nations warned on Friday.
Both the U.N. refugee agency and the U.N. human rights office said they were studying the plan, announced on Monday, to reopen immigrant detention camps in Naura and Papua New Guinea.
"We do not want to see a return to lengthy delays in remote island centres for asylum seekers and refugees before durable solutions are found. We are also concerned about the psychological impact for those individuals who would be affected," Adrian Edwards of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) told a news briefing in Geneva.
Technically, the plan did not appear to violate the 1951 U.N. refugee convention, ratified by Australia, "But we have to look at how this is implemented," he said.
The plan was announced after a report said 964 asylum seekers had died since 2001 while making the dangerous sea journey from their homelands to Australia.
"While applauding the goal to protect the lives of the migrants and asylum seekers who seek entry to Australia, we are concerned that a reopening of offshore detention centres could result in violations of human rights, including potentially indefinite detention," U.N. human rights spokesman Xabier Celaya said in a statement.
"The U.N. Human Rights office has long-standing concerns about Australia's mandatory detention regime," he said.
Immigration detention should be a "measure of last resort, only permissible for the shortest period of time and only when no less restrictive measure is available," Celaya said.
Refugee policy is an emotive subject in Australia, even though the country receives only a small number of the world's asylum seekers each year. The UNHCR says Australia received 11,500 asylum claims in 2011, down nine percent from the year before, out of 441,000 lodged in the West that year.
"Asylum levels in Australia remain below those recorded by many other industrialised and non-industrialised countries," the UNHCR said in March.
The policy is a major shift for Prime Minister Julia Gillard and a win for the conservative opposition, which has long pushed for the government to reopen a detention centre on Nauru and abandon its planned refugee-swap agreement with Malaysia.
Former conservative prime minister John Howard set up detention centres on Papua New Guinea's Manus Island and in Nauru under his Pacific solution, which aimed to deter people smugglers and remove automatic access to Australia for those granted refugee status.
Manus Island was closed in 2004, and Labor Prime Minister Kevin Rudd shut down the Nauru detention centre in late 2007.
Curfew lifted in much of Kashmir but communications still suspended, protests continue
Afghan army launches crackdown after ISIL claims suicide bombing that killed more than 80 in capital
Bangladesh police carry out raid on suspected Dhaka hideout after deadly cafe attack
More than 1,070 killed this year, but majority of missing and losses also due to storms wreaking havoc since June
Philippines president outlines injustice suffered by Muslim community during inaugural State of Nation address
As was the case during 2015 executions, policing tightened around Nusakambangan island and prison visits banned
Former employee of facility for disabled people reported to have turned himself in to police after attack
Nepali police arrest protesters involved in shutdown called as Nepali political crisis deepens
Cambodia responsible for days of deadlock, after it objected to Philippines' request for communique to include Hague ruling
Almost a third of Afghan casualties were children in worst violence since counting began in 2009
Businessmen close to Razak accused of channelling funds from state wealth fund to buy assets in US
At least 130 people dead, 110 missing in northern Hebei; residents say were not informed of threats or evacuated in time
Beijing’s foreign minister complains to his Seoul counterpart that their bilateral 'trust' has been ‘undermined’
Nepal PM resigns after key coalition partner withdraws following almost a year of political tension
Authorities say 34 Indonesian illegal immigrants rescued off southern Johor state, rescue operations ongoing
Well-known political analyst Kem Ley shot dead while drinking his morning coffee at convenience store in capital