World Bulletin / News Desk
Libya's interior minister resigned on Sunday, officials said, after he was criticised for failing to halt a surge of attacks on Sufi Muslim shrines that have raised fears of the spread of sectarian violence following the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.
Attackers bulldozed sites sacred to Sufi Muslims in the western city of Zlitan on Friday and the capital Tripoli on Saturday.
Libyan police surrounded the men as they levelled the large Sha'ab mosque in broad daylight the centre of Tripoli, but did not move in to stop them, a Reuters reporter said.
Libya's General National Congress, the country's newly-elected assembly, held an emergency meeting about the attacks on Sunday and criticised government security forces for failing to stop them.
"(Interior) Minister Fawzi Abdel A'al submitted his resignation in protest against the unacceptable words from the National Congress," aide Ziad Muftah said. "The resignation has not been accepted by the prime minister's office yet."
Libya's rulers have struggled to control armed groups which are competing for power in the north African country a year after the revolution that ousted Gaddafi.
Tensions have been particularly high been between followers of the mystical Sufi tradition and Salafis, who reject many Sufi devotions as idolatrous.
Tripoli's Sha'ab mosque housed close to 50 Sufi graves and, inside, the tomb of Libyan Sufi scholar Abdullah al-Sha'ab.
On Friday, attackers used handmade bombs and another bulldozer to raze the revered resting place of Sufi figure Abdel Salam al-Asmar in Zlitan, about 160 km (90 miles) west of the capital, said an official from the area's military council.
"GANGS WANT TO ERASE US"
Sufi figures told Reuters many followers of their ancient Islamic tradition were worried the attacks would spread.
"These gangs have so much hatred for our way of life and want to erase us from the Libyan landscape," Makki Ali, a university professor and Sufi from Zlitan, told Reuters.
"As Sufis we are scared they will begin a witch-hunt and attack us in our homes if the government doesn't take control of security."
At the emergency meeting on Sunday, members of the congress said the security forces and particularly the interior ministry had not done enough.
"Where was the defence ministry? Where was the interior ministry and security forces? You are supposed to be our protectors," Akram al-Genin, a representative from the city of al-Khoms, told the assembly.
A government official, who asked not to be named, told Reuters police had tried to stop the demolition but, after a short clash, decided just to seal off the site to stop the violence spreading.
"That's a weak excuse. Sometimes you need to use force to enforce the authority of the state," Genin told Reuters after the emergency meeting.
Prime Minister Aberrahim al-Keib condemned the actions of the attackers but said Libya still needed to set up a fully organised police.
"(Libya's Supreme Security Committee) is a temporary transitional security committee, and we have just come out of a war," he told reporters.
Under Gaddafi's rule, many Salafis were jailed for their beliefs. Since that system of repression collapsed, some Salafis have formed militias to enforce their view of Islam.
Conservative Muslims across the region - emboldened by the Arab Spring revolts - have targeted Sufi sites in Egypt, Mali and other parts of Libya over the past year.
The use of drones comes at a time when a regular publication of a blacklist of companies using slave labour has been halted.
US President tells African leaders to respect presidential term limits, not to jail journalists, and not to restrict opponents
Child says he was given bag containing explosive by stranger who paid him $5 to bring it to crowded market
US ambassador to Ukraine urges Russia to respect Minsk agreement signed in February
UN Security Council ‘undemocratic, unrepresentative, and exactly where it was in 1945,’ South African govt minister says
A three-year-old child from London is one of hundreds of young people who have been tipped as potential future radicals and extremists.
2,000 in left wing of Syriza call for 'big no' to bailout deal
Russian PM hopes Slovenia will participate in Turkish Stream after talks with his Slovenian counterpart
Russian President adviced European states to rely more on themselves than on military blocks or the U.S.
The annual Trafficking in Persons report has upgraded Cuba, Malaysia, and Uzbekistan to a higher tier as worst offenders for failing to suppress human trafficking.
The ECB will need to extend its money-printing as a result of subdued growth in the Euro zone.
An EU official has said that they "barely know how to talk to ordinary people" and have launched video clips on YouTube to counter misconceptions about the Trans Atlantic partner deal.
Hague-based tribunal attributes move to procedural reasons, but Palestinian diplomat suspects pressure from Israel
Restarting would depend on Syria becoming stable, Russian Union of Gas and Oil Industrialists executive director says.
Viktor Orban suggested that ethnic Hungarians living in Romania should be given an authonomy
Majority in favor of cabinet under Prime Minister Omer Kalyoncu