World Bulletin / News Desk
Egypt's new prime minister said on Sunday he was finalising an economic reform plan that would rein in hefty subsidies and said the economy is expected to grow in the current financial year by 3 to 4 percent or more if investment goals are achieved.
Hisham Kandil told Reuters in a rare interview that the government aims to cut the budget deficit, now running at about 8 percent of gross domestic product, by 1 percentage point in two years although he said that target was "dynamic".
Egypt has been on the ropes since foreign investors and tourists, two vital cash streams, fled after the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak last year. The revolt gave Egypt its first freely elected president, Mohamed Mursi, who appointed Kandil in July.
Once a darling of frontier market investors with growth of about 7 percent a year, the economy has sputtered along, growing just 2 percent in the financial year that ended in June.
Determined to draw in investors who want to see hefty cuts in fuel subsidies and other reforms, Kandil's cabinet also has to sell economic restructuring to Egypt's 83 million people, many in dire poverty and desperate to see the benefits of the revolt.
"For this year, we hope that we will get around 3 to 4 percent (growth) and after that we will jump to 4, and then 4-5, and hopefully in a few years we will come to 7 percent," the 49-year-old said, adding Egypt could hit 7 percent in four years.
Kandil said his government was finalising its economic reform programme and the draft would be reviewed next week with President Mursi.
Kandil said the government wants to make fuel and other subsidies more targeted and a coupon or smart card system to ensure the poor, rather than everyone, received subsidised butane cooking gas was expected to start in October.
There will also be cuts to gasoline subsidies in the coming months, he said, adding that these measures were part of efforts to reduce the budget deficit by 1 percentage point in the next two years, although he said targets would depend on what the population could tolerate.
"Those targets are dynamic. We have to look at what kind of support we will get and how the people will react to these measures," he said. "I am sure many of them will react positively, but of course we might have some difficulty so it will be a flexible thing too."
He said that after the president had reviewed the reform plans, there would be a public consultation about the programme. "Hopefully by the beginning of October we will open this for discussion. That also stands true for the IMF programme," he said.
He was referring to a request for a $4.8 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund, part of a bid by the government to shore up its finances after foreign reserves plunged to about $15 billion, about half their level before the revolt.
Responding to investor concerns that the Egyptian pound could be devalued, Kandil said the central bank was managing the currency in a flexible way but said investors should not delay.
"So investors should not wait for the pound to devalue. This is not going to happen soon. So now is the right time to get into the market," Kandil said, echoing comments made by the president to Reuters last month.
Meanwhile Kandil said the government needed to boost revenues as well as cut spending through more targeted subsidies, by casting the tax net wider.
"We need to look at our taxation system so it covers more people, not necessarily that we tax more. But it would be better to tax more people," he said. "We'll try to get them into the formal economy, and we will do that very soon."
The pound sterling sees its lowest level against the the US dollar in over 30 years
A subsequent survey that included people of all ages found that somewhat older Americans also are skeptical of capitalism.
California is now the sixth largest economy in the world, surpassing France thanks to a robust state economy and the strength of the US dollar.
Overnight lending rate gets cut by 50 points to 9 percent, while overnight borrowing rate remains unchanged at 7.25 percent
Says 2016 business report 'clear indicator' it is improving its economic record despite fall from 46th to 49th
Turkish Cypriot leader says negotiations on federal system close to completion
Britain votes on June 23 on whether to stay in the 28-member bloc, a choice with far-reaching consequences for politics, the economy, defence and diplomacy on the continent.
1 in 18 families has a member who left Greece after 2010, and 12 pct of new refugees are older than 40
Surplus during Jan.-May period stood at $3.1 billion, says finance minister
Remote, impoverished town expects well-to-do Chinese buyer to spur its fragile economy
Austrian company is to have 75 percent of total stakes of Turkish company after agreement concluded
Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet, Cisco and Oracle hold about $504B, approximately one-third of all corporate cash in the United States
The Fund's head says 'corruption has a pernicious effect on the economy'
Exit would cost average monthly salary for each household, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development says
Firms to see deterioration in credit metrics as low oil prices impact cash flows
OPEC exporters as well as other non-OPEC producers, including Russia, fail to agree on oil output freeze