World Bulletin/News Desk
The hole in the ozone layer, the earth's protective shield against ultraviolet rays, is expected to be smaller this year over the Antarctic than last, showing how a ban on harmful substances has stopped its depletion, the United Nations said on Friday.
But the hole is probably larger than in 2010 and a complete recovery is still a long way off.
The signing of the Montreal Protocol 25 years ago to phase out chemicals that deplete the ozone layer has helped prevent millions of cases of skin cancer and eye cataracts as well as harmful effects on the environment, the U.N. weather agency said.
"The temperature conditions and the extent of polar stratospheric clouds so far this year indicate that the degree of ozone loss will be smaller than in 2011 but probably somewhat larger than in 2010," the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in a statement.
The Antarctic ozone hole, which currently measures 19 million square kilometres, most likely would be smaller this year than in the record year of 2006, it said. The annual occurrence typically reaches its maximum surface area during late September and maximum depth in early October.
But the banned chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), once used in refrigerators and spray cans, have a long lifetime in the atmosphere and it will take several decades before their concentrations are back to pre-1980 levels, the WMO said.
The Montreal protocol has been a "great success", U.N. weather agency expert Geir Braathen told a news briefing.
"This has prevented a major environmental disaster and globally ozone depletion has levelled off. We haven't really seen any kind of unequivocal ozone recovery yet," he said.
"Ozone depletion has stopped, levelled off," Braathen said.
In the Arctic stratosphere, there was record ozone loss in spring of 2011, but it has returned to more normal conditions this year, he said.
Johnson, kicking off a trip to Japan, visited the robotic centre at Waseda University, which works closely with Britain's University of Birmingham on robotic technologies.
Juno spacecraft will get closest look ever at planet’s massive, centuries-old storm
Novel way of serving has attracted a large number of customers to pizza place in northeastern Multan city
Due to be launched in 2018, BepiColombo will be the European Space Agency's first mission to the closest rock to the Sun.
In historic first, company successfully lands cargo capsule also used to resupply ISS in 2014
Push to cloud business could mean thousands of layoffs, sources say
Company will no longer pull data from free Gmail inboxes to personalize ads
Kepler telescope reveals details of more than 200 newly-found planets in Milky Way
"Today, it is our pleasure to officially announce the newest member of our 737 family, the 737 MAX 10," Kevin McAllister, head of the company's commercial aviation division, told journalists as the Paris Air Show got under way.
The Twilight Express Mizukaze departed Osaka on its maiden trip with around 30 well-heeled passengers on a journey to the far reaches of Japan's main island.
Google has launched a website to help you find the Qibla – the direction of prayer.
Bilkent University students designed Arbo which can babysit and notify of gas leaks in the house
The refurbished Dragon cargo capsule soared into space aboard a Falcon 9 rocket at 5:07 pm (2107 GMT) from Cape Canaveral, Florida.