World Bulletin / News Desk
A new and potentially fatal virus from the same family as SARS which was discovered in a patient in London last week appears not to spread easily form person to person, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said on Friday.
In an update on the virus, which has so far killed a Saudi man and made a patient from Qatar critically ill, the United Nations health agency said it was working with international partners to understand the public health risk better.
"From the information available thus far, it appears that the novel coronavirus cannot be easily transmitted from person-to-person," it said in a statement.
The WHO put out a global alert on Sunday saying a new virus had infected a 49-year-old Qatari who had recently travelled to Saudi Arabia, where another man with the same virus had died.
The Qatari was described as critically ill on Tuesday and is being treated in a London hospital. No new confirmed cases of infection with the virus have since been reported, the WHO said.
The new virus shares some of the symptoms of SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, another coronavirus, which emerged in China in 2002 and killed around a tenth of the 8,000 people it infected worldwide.
Both patients who have so far been confirmed with the virus suffered kidney failure.
"Given the severity of the two laboratory confirmed cases, WHO is continuing to monitor the situation in order to provide the appropriate response, expertise and support to its member states," the WHO statement said.
Scientists at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), which monitors disease in the European Union, said initial virology results and the separation in time of the only two confirmed cases suggest the infection may have developed from animals. Such diseases are known as zoonoses.
"(It) is quite probably is of zoonotic origin and different in behaviour from SARS," the scientists wrote in a "rapid communication" study in the online journal Eurosurveillance.
The WHO's clinical guidance to its 194 member states says health workers should be alert to anyone with acute respiratory syndrome and requiring hospitalisation who had been in the Middle East where the virus was found or in contact with a suspected or confirmed case within the previous 10 days.
The U.N. agency has not recommended any travel restrictions in connection with the new virus, but said it was working closely with Saudi authorities on health measures for Muslims making the haj pilgrimage to Mecca.
Health experts said rapid progress has already been made in figuring out the nature and genetic makeup of the new coronavirus, and in the development of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests.
The WHO said it is working with laboratories in various countries to make these tests available as quickly as possible.
In the far-reaching health scandal, breast implants were later found to contain substandard, industrial-grade silicone gel that was seven times cheaper than medical-grade silicone.
Device eliminates risk of deadly blood clots; need for blood thinners
A new initiative will help transform readiness of countries against virus breakouts like those seen in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone
Protest in Nairobi sees hundreds take to streets to back doctors' pay demands
The Arctic Council's recently released Arctic Resilience Report has shown how the Arctic is to specific abrupt environmental changes resulting from climate change and human activity: essentially, "tipping points".
Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in rivers, lakes and seas across southern Asia, from the northwest Bay of Bengal, in India, to the south of Indonesia but are now being killed by rogue gangs
Singaporean Seah Chiang Nee, a former newspaper editor, died aged 76 in a local hospital on Saturday, his wife Patricia Wong said. He was hospitalised in July.
Renault reacted with a statement saying that its cars "are not equipped with cheating software affecting anti-pollution systems."
Worldwide tobacco use causes loss of $1 trillion and six million lives annually, says World Health Organization
China now owns five of the six largest solar module manufacturing firms in the world, according to the report.
Some 7.7 million new cases of dementia are reported every year, with Alzheimer's disease being the most common cause and contributing to 60–70% of cases.
Funding is critical to support the humanitarian needs of the poorest country in the Americas, said Mourad Wahba, the deputy special representative for the UN's stabilization mission in Haiti.
Conservationists estimate that more than 20,000 elephants were killed for their ivory last year, with similar tolls in previous years. The WWF campaign group says 415,000 of the animals remain.
Spanish police enforce severe restrictions on traffic in the capital as health fears grow over air pollution
The outbreak erupted in December last year in the slums of the capital Luanda, spreading to 16 of Angola's 18 provinces and into neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo.
Number of births expected to continue falling as population ages, number of women in their 20s and 30s declines.