World Bulletin/News Desk
Cyprus will require up to 10 billion euros ($13 billion) to refinance its banks, severely affected by the euro zone debt crisis and exposure to Greece, according to a draft deal with international lenders seen by Reuters on Friday.
The deal, contingent on approval from euro zone finance ministers and national parliaments, also states that the objective of the adjustment programme with the Mediterranean island is to achieve a primary balance of 4.0 percent of GDP in 2016.
"Noting that the European Banking Authority (EBA) deadline of 30 June 2012 has been missed by two banks and that public capital support has already been provided to one bank, while the State itself is under financial stress, a bank support facility of up to EUR billion is foreseen under the programme, which will also cover potential future capital needs, determined on the basis of a top-down capital exercise, as well as potential resolution costs," the draft deal obtained by Reuters states.
The exact amount per bank would be determined in a due diligence exercise, the report said, while brackets surrounding the recapitalization needs suggested it could be subject to change.
Earlier on Friday, Cypriot Central Bank governor Panicos Demetriades said the amount was an estimate, pending assessments from consultants expected next week.
The document also said the Cypriot central bank would direct all banking groups to increase their minimum Core Tier 1 capital ratio - a measure of financial strength - to 9 percent from 8 percent by Dec. 2013.
A process of on-going fiscal consolidation would seek to achieve a 4.0 percent of GDP primary balance in 2016, "and maintain such a level thereafter", the document stated.
Employees in the public sector would received a scaled reduction in pay from between 6.5 and 12.5 percent, it said.
Cyprus sought aid from the IMF and the EU in June after its banks reported significant losses on a restructuring of Greek debt earlier in the year.
Media reports have suggested that Cyprus's total bailout needs, including fiscal requirements, could reach 17.5 billion euros, virtually the equivalent of its gross domestic product.
The Visegrad 4 group including Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia is looking to diversify supplies
Nick Letchford, managing director of the group that owns the Old Shoreditch Station cafe, decided to install the machine after noticing the popularity of bitcoins among his customers working nearby in the digital industries.
Varying degrees of drought are hitting almost two thirds of the limited arable land across Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian territories and Iraq.
Turkey deems Iranian gas too expensive compared with other suppliers like Russia and Azerbaijan, an assertion rejected by Tehran.
Satoshi Nakamoto, a name known to legions of bitcoin traders, practitioners and boosters around the world, appeared to lose his anonymity on Thursday after Newsweek published a story that said he lived in Temple City, California, just east of Los Angeles.
BP's exploration and production sharing agreement with Libya covers onshore acreage in Ghadames, near the border between Libya, Algeria and Tunisia, and offshore acreage in the central Sirte basin
There are discussions at high levels within the U.S. government on how to use U.S. natural gas resources
The judicial sources said on Thursday that prosecutors suspected the companies of working together on campaigns to favour Lucentis, including promoting it to local doctors
Scotland's Energy Minister Fergus Ewing offered to meet Shell to discuss the future of the oil and gas industry if Scotland votes to end its 307-year tie with England
European Commission President said that from a purely financial standpoint the crisis in Ukraine should not have much impact on the euro zone but there was potential for far greater instability
The rouble-traded MICEX lost 1.9 percent on the news to trade at 1,322.2 points. It had earlier traded in positive territory.
If tensions eventually escalate into economic sanctions, the single biggest point of vulnerability for the Gulf would probably be the Dolphin Energy pipeline carrying about 2 billion cubic feet of gas per day from Qatar to the UAE and Oman
The former Soviet republic is strategically important to Moscow as the main gas transit route to the European Union, Russia's biggest customer
Iran will soon receive a second installment of previously frozen assets which are being returned to it under an interim nuclear agreement with world powers
Economic growth jumped to 5.2 percent in the last quarter, but Romania remains the second poorest country in the European Union
Brent crude prices decreased by 1.8 percent, more than US$2 per barrel on Wednesday.