World Bulletin/News Desk
Bosniak politician Alija Izetbegovic, known as the 'Wise King' who brought independence to his home country and was widely referred to as "father", was remembered in Bosnia Herzegovina on the eleventh anniversary of his death.
Having struggled against fascism and Chetnik ideology during the Second World War and communism afterwards, Izetbegovic fought for the independence of Bosnia Herzegovina from Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
His son and member of the BH Presidency Bakir Izetbegovic - who was re-elected in elections last week - told Anadolu Agency (AA) that he tried hard to follow his father's line, saying they hoped to build a state within the coming four years of which Aliya would have been proud of, if he was still alive.
Aliya's granddaughter Emina Berberovic noted her grandfather's popularity gained through being the first president of the state had never changed him or his successors, adding they had grown up as normal people.
Living on in the hearts of his people, the 'Wise King' managed to gain independence for his country on March 1, 1992 - months after Slovenia and Croatia gained their independence after the war.
In his well-known 'Declaration of Islam' in 1970, Izetbegovic examined thoroughly independence, awakening and the expansion of Islamic thought at the time, as well as recovering the Muslim world, the relationship between the West and Islamic world and how to build a new civilization as primary subjects.
However, along with 12 Bosniak scholars, he was jailed for 14 years after being accused of "separatism and establishing an Islamic state" in 1983 and was released by the Yugoslavian state in 1988.
He entered politics the same year and founded the Party of Democratic Action, or SDA, in 1990 - aiming to save Bosniaks from feeling inferior in their own motherland.
Being one of the six republics of Yugoslavia, Bosnia's SDA won the 1990's first multi-party elections with 86 seats in the parliament of 240 seats.
In 1992, a referendum on independence for Bosnia Herzegovina was held, on which 64 percent of its people participated and voted 99.44 percent to become independent.
One month later, European Union and U.S. announced their recognition of the state.
However, the then-political leader of Bosniak Serbians, Radovan Karacic, started ethnic cleansing in Bosnia Herzegovina - starting a war which led to a massive catastrophe for Bosniaks.
But neither during the war nor during the 1995 Srebrenitsa genocide, did Izetbegovic lose his resistance spirit for his people and homeland.
In November 1995, Bosniaks - amid international pressure - stopped the war with the Dayton Treaty.
Leaving a flag to his country, Izetbegovic died eight years after the treaty was signed, in 2003.
As per his request, his tomb was placed in the humble Kovaci martyrdom in Bosnia Herzegovina's capital Sarajevo, with the words, "I vow to God - whose strength is above all - we will not be slaves" on his gravestone.
"If we forget the genocide done to us, we are compelled to live it again. I shall never tell you to seek revenge, but never forget what has been done," he told his people.
"To become the teacher of the earth below, one has to become the student of the sky above. Law is not only my profession, but my preference of living and my life's motto. We won't seek our future in the past. We won't run after grudge and revenge," he said.
Republican leadership eyes Thursday vote on stopgap bill, but passage is uncertain without Democratic support
The head of the Venezuelan Supreme Court and the chief of the intelligence agency are also blacklisted, diplomatic sources said, making them subject to asset freezes and travel bans.
Army frequently carries out sweeping arrest campaigns in occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem
Icy roads contribute to at least 4 fatalities, fifth death attributed to exposure
Border patrol also harasses and uses violence against volunteers, who provide aid, reports say
Pentagon and U.S.-led coalition contradicted with each other on function of PYD/PKK-led SDF forces in Syria
Lee, a naturalized US citizen also known as Zhen Cheng Li, was arrested late Monday after he arrived at JFK International Airport in New York.
Israeli forces first detained al-Tamimi on Dec. 19 during an overnight raid
If France recognizes Palestine as a state, more countries will follow it, says Luxembourg FM
U.S. said Tuesday it was suspending a total of $65 million in aid to Palestine
Reason for crash not yet known, defense minister says
Electoral coalitions in Iraq are often formed based on sectarian and ethnic lines
Al-Aqsa officials are warned not to carry out any renovation work at flashpoint holy site, local official says
Rescue team has not ruled out possibility of locating more bodies
Israeli officials say Gaza economy was “like from zero to below zero”