World Bulletin / News Desk
MEPs and the co-chairs of the Friends of Turkey Group have called for the adoption of a "balanced resolution" as the European Parliament prepares to vote on a draft resolution urging all EU member states to recognize the events in Armenia in 1915.
The vote is being held on Wednesday, a day after the European Union urged Turkey and Armenia to normalize their relations following a spat prompted by remarks made by Pope Francis over the 1915 events.
The co-chairs of the group in the European Parliament, which consists of MEPs from the Socialists & Democrats, the Greens and the Christian Democrats, said in a statement on Tuesday: "We would like to call upon the members of this chamber to adopt a balanced resolution."
They said the pressure to recognize what has been termed the "Armenian Genocide" will hinder attempts to reach reconciliation between Armenians and Turks through dialogue.
Artis Pabriks, MEP for the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and Ismail Ertug, MEP for the Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament said in the statement: "In recent years, Turkey has started a more open and free debate on the Armenian issue.
"We should therefore encourage the Turkish government to continue its process of reconciliation allowing for a frank and open discussion of past events."
The Friends of Turkey statement added: "EU accession negotiations have undoubtedly contributed to more honest and open discussions of historical events in Turkey.
"In this regard, the accession process remains the most effective tool in influencing Turkey's democratization course."
Maja Kocijancic, European Commission spokeswoman, said: "In the context of Turkey’s status as a (EU) candidate country we are following the issue of reconciliation and normalization of relations with Turkey."
Turkey and Armenia disagree on what happened during the events between 1915 and 1923, with Armenia saying that 1.5 million people were deliberately killed and Turkey saying the deaths were a result of deportations and civil strife.
Pope Francis said on Sunday that “the first ‘genocide’ of the 20th century struck Armenians", a statement which triggered criticism from Turkey and led to Ankara recalling its ambassador in the Vatican and also summoning Vatican's envoy in the Turkish capital.
The 1915 events took place during World War I when a portion of the Armenian population living in the Ottoman Empire sided with the invading Russians and revolted against the empire.
The Ottoman Empire relocated Armenians in eastern Anatolia following the revolts and there were Armenian casualties during the relocation process.
Armenia has demanded an apology and compensation, while Turkey has officially refuted Armenian allegations over the incidents saying that, although Armenians died during the relocations, many Turks also lost their lives in attacks carried out by Armenian gangs in Anatolia.
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