World Bulletin / News Desk
Mohamed Magarief, a staunch opponent of Moamer Kadhafi's overthrown regime who is seen as being pro-Islamist, was elected president of Libya's new national assembly.
Magarief will head the 200-member congress, which will name a prime minister, pass laws and steer Libya to full parliamentary elections after a new constitution is drafted next year.
Magarief, leader of the National Front party, is effectively acting head of state, but the true extent of his powers is yet to be determined. He beat a liberal candidate in the vote.
An economist and former Libyan ambassador to India who had lived in exile since the 1980s, Magarief was a leading figure in Libya's oldest opposition movement - the National Front for the Salvation of Libya - which made several attempts to end Muammar Gaddafi's rule.
The 72-year-old's National Front Party is an offshoot of the old opposition movement and won three seats in the July 7 poll - Libya's first free vote in a generation.
"I am very, very happy. This is a big responsibility," he told Reuters after the late night vote on Thursday.
Magarief won 113 votes versus independent Ali Zidan, who secured 85 votes. Voting went to a second round after no one managed to win an outright majority in the first.
"This is democracy. This is what we have dreamt of," Zidan told Reuters, congratulating Magarief.
The assembly also voted for Giuma Attaiga, a lawyer from the port city of Misrata, as a deputy to Magarief, who had been seen as a leading contender for the top job. Voting for a second deputy will take place on Friday.
"He is a political personality and everybody knows him," Othman Sassi, a former official of the National Transitional Council, said of Magarief. "He has very good experience to lead congress and the Libyan democratic state."
Magarief is from Libya's second biggest city, Benghazi, the cradle of last year's revolt. Those roots are likely to placate fears in the east that the region would be marginalised by a centralised authority in the capital Tripoli.
The national assembly began life on Wednesday after it took power from the National Transitional Council, the political arm of the opposition forces that toppled Gaddafi a year ago and which has now been dissolved.
The ceremony was the first peaceful transition of power in Libya's modern history, but it has been overshadowed by several violent incidents in the past week that have underscored the country's precarious stability.
These include a car bomb near the offices of the military police in the capital, Tripoli, and an explosion at the empty former military intelligence offices in Benghazi.
In the new assembly, 80 seats are held by parties. A liberal coalition led by wartime rebel prime minister Mahmoud Jibril won 39 of those seats, while the Justice and Construction Party - the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood - won 17.
The remaining 120 seats are in the hands of independent candidates whose allegiances are hard to pin down. Key decisions will require a two-thirds majority to pass, making cooperation necessary in what is still a delicate transition for Libya.
Xinhua news agency gave no further details about the attack in Shache County, Kashgar Prefecture, or why it was only being reported on Tuesday.
Providing many examples of ongoing debate around Gaza massacre among Zionists, Philip Weiss from Mondoweiss draws an important picture
Called Abdullah al-Maaraji, the slain officer was the commander of the Yemeni army's infantry brigade that fought against Al-Qaeda in Lawdar District in 2012
The White House has been working closely with lawmakers, privacy experts and technology companies to secure Senate passage of what it considers critical legislation
Three years after Gaddafi's fall, the OPEC nation has failed to control ex-rebel militias who refuse to disband and who are threatening the unity of the country
"Israel's targeting of civilians proves its failure to confront the Palestinian resistance," Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri said in a statement.
Propaganda materials from the National Liberation Army (ELN), which regularly attacks oil facilities in Latin America's fourth largest economy, were left at the sites of the explosions, police
In the latest Israeli attacks in the embattled territory on Tuesday, two people were killed when Israeli troops shelled eastern Rafah. An Israeli raid also targeted a house in the southern city of Khan Younis, killing 17 family members.
The ruling Communist Party has decided to probe Zhou for suspected "serious disciplinary violations", the official Xinhua news agency said in a brief dispatch, using the usual euphemism for corruption.
The African country is sliding into a state of anarchy as rival militia forces battle for control in the capital Tripoli and the eastern city of Benghazi.
Syria, Central African Republic and Burma lead the world in displacing people on grounds of religious identities, according to report
Militants group stormed the Katarko town, about 25km from Damaturu, the provincial capital of northeastern Yobe state, and shot dead eight people
A magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit southwest of Clara, Veracruz, was felt in Mexico City
A 21-year-old Palestinian, Alaa Azaer, died of gunshot injuries he sustained in clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians protesting a deadly Israeli onslaught on the Gaza Strip
The labels Belgium has in mind would mainly apply to fruit and vegetables grown in Jewish settlements in the Jordan Valley of the West Bank
Southeast Asian foreign ministers will hold security talks with various counterparts including those from the United States, China and the European Union in Myanmar next month