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23:50, 21 April 2018 Saturday
13:21, 21 January 2017 Saturday

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Is the global world under threat?
Is the global world under threat?

Globalization has provided many economic benefits however in his latest analysis Sinan Ozdemir weighs its benefits against the threat of politics

Sinan Özdemir

The question stated in the beginning of this analysis is at the top of the list of questions that are interfering with the minds in the world the most. The statements made by the new president of the United States before coming in power, is what increases the perturbation. Donald Trump's message to China, ignoring the diplomatic sensitivities of Taiwan, the undercover threats by Trump to change the automotive industry, the threatening language he uses towards Mexico and the most important, that he can sacrifice globalisation in order to build the new America that he implies, are the issues that increases the perturbation.

So, is it possible that the new United States President Trump can reverse globalisation? Can this global march that started thirty years ago but accelerated in the last twenty years, be terminated? Before responding to this question, it is worth reminding again what globalisation is in three points. Firstly, the world for the first time shares the same consequence with its plusses and minuses. Secondly, this common fate is somehow making everybody become dependent. Thirdly, the action in the world is starting to increase. This activeness not only affects the economic world, but directly concerns people. It is important to remember that globalisation is only possible by first and foremost, with the revolution seen in communication channels and the shortening of distances. This historical transformation directly affects political, economic and social order. In this way, the globalisation that directly affects our senses of time and space, brings with it self the idea of a multicultural world. This situation undoubtedly forces to rethink about the border phenomenon.

In fact, the controversies that occurs are caused because of the collision of two historical views. On one side, is the Global Age that we are going through leaded by Asia (China) and on the other side, is the western world that wants the boundaries, the need for the return of customs and that globalisation is the mistake of the past. China, when compared with the west has opened to the world much more quicker due to the reason that they accept the fact of infinity. Establishing contact with the new world laid under the feet; managed to read the “soul of the time”, apart from the geographical discoveries and unlike the Colonial Period. It is also necessary not to deny the advantage of being a new actor on a global scale. This new face also moves towards the “leadership” of the global world. In this sense, it is the only power that can overcome any kind of movement that will reverse the globalisation. On the contrary, the former powers, which are among the losers, are pushing the globalisation to be ignored by lifting the borders within them selves and closed to the others.

The process also brings “globalisation of dreams” with it. The spread of communication networks allows people to be informed with the global trend step by step and also to participate in discussions when they need to. This new situation undoubtedly affects the political, social and economic life. To give a simple example, just like a dance (gangnam style, South Korea) or a food being spread to the world, ISIL's importation of terrorists from all around the world and on the other side doing asymmetrical actions all over the world presents another fact in the global age. The storm that swept the Arab world in 2011 or the acts of anti-capitalism with a domino effect created indignation, the sharing injustice being brought to the world's agenda, not only in Europe and United States of America but also in Africa, Asia and Latin America, are being followed with the same interest and relevance.

 However, after the economic and financial crisis that hit the United States, brought the economic side of the global transformation to a stop. Gordon Brown (UK Prime Minister 2007-2010) was the first political person, at Davos in 2009, to draw attention to the fact that it could be resolved. It is not surprising that the belief of the process can be reversed has come to a time the West has lost its effectiveness. The west that lost the control is acting like a spoilt cild, and thinks that they can return to the game again with their own rules. However, on the basis of the globalisation that is missed, there are people rather then states. They are what makes globalisation possible. Governments has realised the seriousness of the event very late.

In a century where ideologies are resolved and in a century where cheap politics are in demand, politics in the West is shifting to the sides from the centre. The retrenchment of the industry being the carrier of the real economy is confused with the new soul of the global age. Even though the states have interfered to the process late, the things that happened has not become the end for the industry of the states that had made the right planning. Germany's economic policy offers a good example at this point. For example, when Siemens produces a product in China, only 80 percent of it is produced in China and the 20 percent that is left over is produced in Germany. It is difficult to say the same thing regarding France. The German government regarding the matters that concerns the future technologies, without accepting foreign partners, succeeds in keeping itself in the business by influencing the German business world.

Although the United States plans to increase employment by recalling the industry operating outside its borders, particularly the automotive sector, by one side contradicts the economic soul and the other hand it can be explained by the completion of the natural cycle of returning to the starting point of production at a time when globalisation is about to enter a new phase. The increase in production / transportation costs in recent years has forced the entrepreneurs to move to geographical areas close to the targeted markets. When we are on the verge of a new era globalisation will continue including, finance, services, digital technologies and information banks. Although the transformation we are prepared to live on the economic side of globalisation suggests that we are at the end of a period it is not the end of techno-communication. On the last step, what Donald Trump is preparing to do is nothing but accelerating a return that has long time a go started on a small scale. However, it should not be difficult to predict that it will invite new socio-economic problems at the places that will occur.

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