Even though works in Arabic comes to mind when Islamic ideology is thought of, there are many thinkers who write in different languages who have lived in different geographies. Musa Carullah is one of those thinkers; he is one of the Turkish moslems from Kazan in Russia.
In his book 'Fasting during long days', Musa Carullah with his personal ideas discusses the topic of fasting which is confusing in some geographies, which is always discussed but rarely shown special interest to.
He wrote a book regarding some difficulties faced by moslems in Finland
Musa Carullah is a name who was a member of the Russian Astronomy Community, who was interested in astronomy, who studied lunar and solar eclipses and had observations in this field. In 1910, he traveled to the lands of Finland where the sun does not set for a long time together with Lutfullah Ishaki, in order to abolish with the uncertainty regarding the prayers of moslems there.
In actual fact Musa Carullah originally wrote this book as 'There must be no topic left uncertain in Islam'. According to him the holy Quran and sunnah is sufficient to give answers to all questions which are confusing to some. The reason why some topics are not clarified for centuries is because of the fact that the understanding of Islamic scholars are insistent on relying on the traditional books.
Musa Carullah has written this book regarding the problems faced by moslems who live in a geography where the days are long and the sun does not set. The original copy is in the Kazan Turkish dialect and written in Ottoman. Those people who have translated Carullah's books to the Turkish language used in Turkey have said that he has a very unique style of writing and that they have faced some difficulties when translating them.
You cannot determine the status of the Finn from their dress code
Finland is really described as the place where the days are long or the place where people live during long days. When Carullah went to Finland, he wrote his book 'Fasting during long days' for the moslems there. In addition, he traveled around Finland thoroughly. He has praised the good habits of the people there, pointing out that they are hard working, clean and fair.
It is interesting that Musa Carullah has compared the Finn and the Russians. He has indicated that while not conforming to fashion is considered rude in Russia, in the Finn community it is not conformed to as it is considered a sign of being unemployed. You can not determine the status of the Finn with their dress code. According to them it is not rude to not conform to fashion , it is rude to wear expensive and decorated clothing while there are poor people who have no clothing to wear.
Fasting during long days
In his book Fasting During Long Days, Musa Carullah has criticized some points regarding kelam, canon law and sects. According to him these fields avoid the concept within Islam to make things easier, the holy Quran and sunnah. In the introduction in his book he clarifies that his criticism is against any aggression from those who imitate. He sees this situation as temporary which will come to an end.
In his criticism of that tradition, he has shown a particular interest to his own style and wrote the following: ' I wrote these sentences. However praise be to Allah almighty, not because I take pride in the point of view that I saw the truth, but on the contrary, I wrote them for my concern of the fact that for many centuries how could Islamic scholars miss this truth?'.
Musa Carullah has concentrated on two verses in the holy Quran which are concerning fasting. While one of these verses only indicates fasting only on a 'limited number of days' (Bakara 183 - 184), the other verse (185) is the verse which indicates clearly the number of days to fast in particular months.
Carullah is of the opinion that the verse 'limited number of days' is sent by the divine as it concerns moslems who live in areas where the days last for months and there are no nights for months. The reason he is of that opinion is that some concepts in another verse (Bakara 187) being ' black yarn, morning, night' do not apply in the month of Ramadan, when you consider lands where the daytime lasts for months and the nights are still with sunshine. In addition he has written that if you do not think in this way then the holy Quran will become void in many places.
Musa Carullah is of the opinion that the reference made in the verse (Bakara 185) 'Perception of the month of Ramadan' can take place where the places are normal, but he thinks that naturally it is not possible in places where the days are so long.
Musa Carullah sees worship as a means to reach your purpose. The purpose is to strengthen your will power, increase morality and the duty to improve on social conditions. However he claims that as a result of his opinion you are not to perform regular worship based on your own wishes. Only that in the region of the North pole, it is not compulsory to fast and these places are exceptional.
Musa Carullah sees fasting as a person's right to will and choice, and also that the right to choice should have power over all other forces. Those who are triumphant over their desires will truly be a human being. The opposite being, surrender to desire and lust, so it is defeat.
Carullah has claimed in a separate article written at the end of his book, 'Fasting During Long Days', that our future youth will have low self esteem that is a condition that they will inherit from their mothers. He sees the reason for low self esteem in women as the pressure asserted on them by men.
Carullah, who sees the problem as the condition of the woman who will rear the new generation, has also written a book called 'Wife (Hatun)', where he discusses the problems that concern women.
The point of view consistent with him is according to the sunnah, 'Make it easy, do not make it hard. Give good news, do not make hatred' and the verse which says, 'Allah wishes easiness on you, not difficulty'. He perceives that there is Islam within life and also life within Islam. He sees Islam not as scary and something different outside of life, but as easy, not being a hindrance to life but in accordance to the natural flow of life. This point of view is also his method of preaching. When you read the works of Musa Carullah, it may seem different when you have no knowledge about his life and the people he has been in touch with. Whereas he has done everything, only to find solutions for the problems in the world of Islam and the lives of moslems, not to be subjected to refusal and criticism
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In his book ' Fasting during long days', Musa Carullah discusses about the topic of fasting in some geographies which are confusing to some people. By Yusuf Tuncbilek.
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