Fipronil is commonly used to get rid of fleas, lice and ticks from animals but the European Union has banned its use in the food industry.
It did not identify the target of the civil action, which coincides with criminal inquiries into suspected fraud underway in Belgium and the Netherlands.
Of 80 random samples including baked goods and mayonnaise, 18 revealed tiny traces of the chemical, according to the national Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES).
Andriukaitis said that he wanted the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany to stop trading accusations about who is responsible for the scare, which involves fipronil, a chemical that can be harmful to humans.
Dutch authorities have temporarily closed 138 poultry farms and may cull millions of chickens.
Recalls in Germany, Netherlands and Belgium and criminal inquiry launched as tests show high levels of insecticide profile