The tanker, which is named after Russian geologist and explorer Baron Eduard Toll, is designed to break through ice up to 1.8m thick, and is said to be the first ever ship to tackle the Northern Sea Route during winter unassisted.
Report sounds alarm about declining sea ice, snow, Greenland sheet ice
Norway has awarded 10 oil licences to energy companies in the Arctic, opening new acreage for exploration for the first time in two decades and granting access to an offshore zone bordering Russia.
The Arctic, known to be a stable, and peaceful is now holding the attention of the US and Russia
Activists in the US have planned to protest the Arctic oil rig near Alaska
Chief of Naval Operations Jonathan Greenert said they should be held more frequently to ensure the Navyis ready for increased operations in the Arctic as weather conditions change
The migration has occurred during the last one to three generations of the predators, or between 15 and 45 years
The new doctrine also identified NATO expansion as an external risk facing Russia.
It argues that a major submarine ridge of the Arctic Ocean is an extension of its autonomous Greenland.
Researchers monitoring these patterns estimate as many as 35,000 walruses came to shore near the coastal village of Point Lay, about 700 miles (1130 km) north of Anchorage at the weekend.
Rosneft and U.S. energy giant ExxonMobil have found huge oil reserves in the Kara Sea region
Exxon and Rosneft signed a $3.2 billion agreement in 2011 to develop the region.
U.S. Treasury Department allows ExxonMobil to scale down operations following introduction of sanctions on Russia over Ukraine.
Projects now in jeopardy include a landmark drilling programme by U.S. giant Exxon Mobil in the Russian Arctic that started in August as part of a joint venture with the Kremlin's oil champion Rosneft.
The planned sanctions over Russia's aggression toward Ukraine would ban U.S. and European companies from cooperating with Russia on searching its Arctic territory, deep seas or shale formations for crude
It is too early to say how the sanctions will have an impact on Statoil’s activities in Russia, according to company official.
While stopping far short of targeting physical energy supplies, EU ministers for the first time this week raised the idea of restricting Russian access to oil and gas technology.
Oil firms are drilling further north than ever as the Arctic ice retreats and a relaxing of the law allows companies to work in areas where winter ice was common just decades ago.
Zhongkun Group property developer founder Huang Nubo, who is looking to invest $111 million in Norway in the next five to ten years, also hopes to purchase a tract of privately owned Arctic Svalbard Islands.