World Bulletin/News Desk
The Muslim Brotherhood has accused western governments of having attempted to pressure Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, before the latter's July 3 ouster by the military, to delegate his executive powers to a prime minister of their choosing.
In a statement posted on the official website of the Muslim Brotherhood (the group from which the deposed president hails), the Brotherhood asserted that several foreign diplomats had tried to pressure Morsi – on more than one occasion – to delegate authority to a public figure who they had in mind for the premiership.
"They wanted to do this in order to derail the president's project for [national] independence in a soft way," the group declared. "But when the president refused, the army began inciting for his ouster."
Egypt's powerful military establishment unseated Morsi on July 3, saying the action was in response to mounting public anger against the Islamist president's policies.
The Brotherhood statement did not, however, name the public figure that Morsi had allegedly been pressured to name as prime minister, or the nationalities of the western diplomats who allegedly exerted the pressure.
A senior Brotherhood leader, however, claimed the figure in question was Mohamed ElBaradei, a former head of the UN's atomic energy watchdog who had played a leading role in the 2011 uprising against longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak before becoming a staunch critic of Morsi after the latter's assumption of the presidency in 2012.
"The statement refrains from explicitly mentioning ElBaradei out of respect for the position he took following the dispersal of the Rabaa and Nahda [square] sit-ins," the group leader, insisting on anonymity, told Anadolu Agency.
ElBaradei, for his part, could not be reached for comment on the claims.
Appointed vice-president in the wake of Morsi's July 3 ouster, ElBaradei resigned from the post after the government violently dispersed two pro-Morsi sit-ins in Cairo and Giza. The crackdown left hundreds of demonstrators and scores of policemen dead.
The Brotherhood and other allied pro-democracy movements cheered when the former vice-president tendered his resignation. But his traditional backers – liberal, leftist and secular activists – denounced him for what they described as his "jumping off the boat" at a critical juncture in Egypt's democratic transition.
ElBaradei was repeatedly touted as a potential prime minister under Morsi, especially after Morsi issued a controversial decree on November 22 temporarily granting himself extra powers.
The National Salvation Front, the main opposition bloc during Morsi's presidency, had called for naming a prime minister who was not drawn from Egypt's Islamist current.
In its statement, the Brotherhood said it had begun taking steps towards democratic transition and that Morsi had started achieving national self-sufficiency in terms of food, medicine and arms, which, the group asserted, had disconcerted Western powers.
"He had begun strengthening Egypt's relations with several countries and had sought to implement several national megaprojects with the aim of attracting investment from all over the world," the Brotherhood said in the statement, entitled "Western Hypocrisy."
"All these [Egyptian achievements] are anathema to western governments and the United States in particular," the group declared.
The Brotherhood official, however, stopped short of concluding that the alleged western pressure on Morsi for ElBaradei's appointment had been aimed at toppling Morsi's administration.
"But the silence of the West over the ouster of an elected civilian president means that the decision to oust Morsi had been premeditated," the official said.
The Brotherhood statement went on to note that, while the African Union had suspended Egypt's membership in the pan-African organization following Morsi's removal, western governments had remained silent, claiming ignorance as to the true situation in Egypt.
Western capitals, the Brotherhood added, had dispatched numerous envoys to the leaders of the National Alliance for the Defense of Legitimacy – a pro-Morsi support bloc made up of several Islamist parties – in an effort to convince them to accept the post-Morsi reality and stop staging street demonstrations.
In its statement, the group went on to stress its rejection of foreign interference in Egypt's domestic affairs.
"We reject foreign intervention in the affairs of our country," the statement read. "We will continue the struggle for independence and freedom from foreign hegemony."
The Brotherhood also called on western governments to adopt positions in line with the principles they claim to promote instead of supporting dictatorial regimes.Last Mod: 21 Ekim 2013, 14:16