Key dates in Ivory Coast since 2010 election crisis

Ahead of Sunday's referendum on a new and contested draft constitution in Ivory Coast, here are some key dates since a deadly post-electoral crisis there in 2010

Key dates in Ivory Coast since 2010 election crisis

World Bulletin / News Desk

On November 28, 2010, the second round of a presidential election delayed six times since 2005 after a low-level civil war in the world's top cocoa producer pits incumbent Laurent Gbagbo against his rival Alassane Ouattara.

But on December 3, the country finds itself with two presidents: the constitutional council declares Gbagbo victor, while the electoral commission says Ouattara won. The UN recognises Ouattara's victory and the European Union, France and the United States call on Gbagbo to stand down.

A deadly four-month post-election crisis follows Gbagbo's refusal to hand over power.

On March 28, 2011, forces loyal to Ouattara launch an offensive against the army and win control of much of the west African country in four days.

On April 11, Gbagbo is arrested by Ouattara's troops, backed by French and UN soldiers, after 10 days of fighting in Abidjan. More than 3,000 people are killed during the crisis and both sides are accused of widespread rights abuses.

On May 21, 2011, Ouattara is sworn in as president before 20 African leaders, French president Nicolas Sarkozy and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

On November 30, 2011, Gbagbo is transferred to the International Criminal Court in The Hague. In March 2014 Charles Ble Goude, a close ally of Gbagbo, is incarcerated there as well.

On June 8, an attack in the southwestern town of Tai by fighters from neighbouring Liberia leaves at least 18 dead, including seven UN peacekeepers. The western parts of Ivory Coast have been the scene of ethnic tensions for years and remain the country's most unstable region.

From August to December a wave of often deadly attacks target security forces and strategic sites. The government blames Gbagbo supporters but the ex-leader's camp denies this.

On October 25, 2015 Ouattara is re-elected by a landslide at the first round of a presidential election faced with a fragmented opposition.

The trial of Gbagbo and Ble Goude for crimes against humanity in the post-election crisis opens in The Hague on January 28, 2016.

On May 31, 2016 former first lady Simone Gbagbo also goes on trial in Abidjan. She is currently serving a 20-year sentence for "endangering state security".

On March 13, 2016, Ivory Coast follows Burkina Faso and Mali as the object of an extremist attack.

Claimed by an Al-Qaeda affiliate, it is the first extremist attack in the country and leaves 19 dead in the beach resort town of Grand-Bassam, near Abidjan.

On October 5, 2016 Ouattara submits a draft new constitution which, in particular, changes the conditions of eligibility to the presidency. Lawmakers overwhelmingly adopt the constitution on October 11, opening the way to an October 30 referendum.

On October 14 the opposition calls for a boycott of the referendum.

Last Mod: 28 Ekim 2016, 12:42
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