World Bulletin/News Desk
Sudan's Foreign Ministry on Saturday called on the UN Security Council to annul its resolution 1591, which referred the case of the Darfur conflict to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The call comes a day after ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda announced that she will suspend investigations in Darfur, citing lack of action by the UN.
"The UN Security Council resolution 1593, which refers Sudan to the ICC, is in clear violation of the Geneva Convention of 1969," the ministry said in a statement.
The ministry demanded the Security Council to "reconsider resolution 1539 in support of the peace and development efforts that have begun to bear fruit in Darfur."
"Sudan reaffirms its sound legal position regarding the lack of any jurisdiction by the ICC over Sudan since it is not party to its statute," the ministry added.
In 2009, the Hague-based court charged Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir with war crimes and crimes against humanity – the first time the court sought the arrest of a sitting head of state. A second arrest warrant followed in 2010 that charged Bashir with genocide.
"Given this council’s lack of foresight on what should happen in Darfur, I am left with no choice but to hibernate investigative activities in Darfur as I shift resources to other urgent cases," said Bensouda.
She said that the security situation in the region was deteriorating and the brutality of crimes being committed was becoming more pronounced.
Security Council action on Sudan appears unlikely, as China, one of the five permanent members yielding veto power, has been a long-time ally of the Khartoum government.
The Rome Statute, which established the ICC, reserves a role for the Security Council that can refer humanitarian crimes committed in any state, regardless of whether it is a party to the treaty.
The Sudanese government, which has not ratified the statute, denied the charges and proclaimed Bashir’s innocence.
The UN says that as many as 300,000 may have died in Darfur since 2003 when a long simmering ethnic conflict turned into a bloody civil war between rebel groups and Sudanese government forces.
Two million people have been forced to flee their homes with hundreds of thousands going westward to refugee camps in neighboring Chad.Last Mod: 14 Aralık 2014, 11:30