World Bulletin / News Desk
USA is prepared for the commemorative ceremony of the September 11 attacks on the 12th year.
The coordinated plot began with the hijacking of four planes and ultimately ended with the deaths of nearly 3,000 people in New York, the Washington, and Pennsylvania. After that day, political and military policies shifted seismically, affecting, and continuing to affect, people at every level of society. These changes happened not only in the United States but in countries throughout the world. Afghanistan and Iraq wars, in which hundreds of thousands of people have been killed.
The first crash occured at 8:46 a.m. when Flight 11 slams into the north tower of New York's World Trade Center.
According to the 9/11 Commission Report, two flight attendants contact American Airlines as the plane is being hijacked to provide details of the emergency. They report the use of Mace or a similar spray, several stabbings and a bomb threat.
The second crash came at 9:03 a.m., when Flight 175 flies into the south tower of the World Trade Center.
The last communication made with air traffic control comes at 8:42 a.m., but passengers provide details of the flight by contacting their families by phone.
After learning the crashes, President George W. Bush said the attacks "a national tragedy" and "an apparent terrorist attack on our country."
"Terrorism against our nation will not stand," he said
Flight 77 crashed into Pentagon at 9:37 a.m. Just minutes after the White House and U.S. Capitol are evacuated.
After burning for 56 minutes, the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed. The fall, which kills nearly 600 workers and first responders, lasts 10 seconds.
The fourth hijacked plane crashed at 10:03 in a field in Shanksville, Pa.
According to the 9/11 Memorial, the hijackers deliberately crash in a field to prevent passengers from retaking the airplane. The crash site in Shanksville is approximately 20 minutes flying time from Washington, D.C.
After burning for 102 minutes, the north tower of New York's World Trade Center collapsed, killing approximately 1,400 people.
After the attacs, the US government increased military operations, economic measures and political pressure on groups it accused of being terrorists, as well as on governments and countries accused of sheltering them. October 2001 saw the first military action initiated by the US. Under this policy, the US invaded Afghanistan in order to remove the Taliban regime, which Washington claimed harbored al-Qaeda. The war, however, is ongoing and has not been won. Critics point out that the Afghan conflict has contributed to the destabilization of neighbouring Pakistan and Afghanistan.
The US government has also asserted that the US invasion of Iraq is connected to 9/11. In the weeks following the attacks, there was a surge in incidents of harassment and hate crimes against Middle Easterners and others thought to be "Middle Eastern-looking" people—particularly Sikhs, because Sikh males usually wear turbans, which are stereotypically associated with Muslims by many Americans.
Shortly after 9/11, Congress passed the Patriot Act, which expanded federal officials’ powers to keep tabs on our personal information, from credit card use to cell phone calls to car travel. Today, 3,984 federal, state, and local organizations take part in domestic counterterrorism efforts; the National Security Agency alone has about 30,000 people eavesdropping on 1.7 billion intercepted e-mails and other communications every day. The full-body scanners now being rolled out at airports around the country.
Thousands of civilians have been killed and injured since the US-led invasion in 2001, but the Afghan government has not been able to provide a reliable casualty toll.
A UN report issued on July 31 indicated a recent increase in civilian deaths.
According to the report, more than 1,319 people were killed and 2,533 injured as a result of the war from January 1 to June 30 of this year – up 23 percent from the same period the previous year.
Last Mod: 11 Eylül 2013, 17:40