Ergenekon, an organization that allegedly planned to overthrow the government by force, was behind a significant number of incidents and demonstrations designed specifically to incite a Turkish-Kurdish conflict, an indictment against the organization has noted.
According to documents seized during raids in the investigation that made their way into the indictment, Ergenekon, the name of the criminal organization, chose the southern city of Mersin as the "pilot" site to start the project of fanning a Kurdish and Turkish conflict that they hoped would eventually render Turkey unadministrable, after which they planned to call for military rule.
Ergenekon -- 46 of whose alleged members are currently in jail awaiting trial -- is being accused of a large number of unsolved political murders and attacks previously attributed to terrorist organizations of various political leanings in the nearly 2,500-page indictment. Page after page, the prosecutor documents evidence suggesting that Ergenekon was behind a series of high-profile political assassinations that occurred over the past two decades, such as that of two secularist journalists, the head of a business conglomerate who was shot dead by militants of the extreme-left Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C) and many others. The prosecutor also claims in the indictment that the group has links with other terrorist groups, such as Turkish Hizbullah and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
More and more allegations have surfaced as journalists read further into the indictment, made public last Friday, when it was formally accepted by the court. The attempt to trigger an ethnic conflict between Turks and Kurds is only one of the many efforts of the group at social engineering to mold the country in accordance with its own agenda. The group's main purpose was to create conflict, chaos and disorder in the country in order to trigger a military intervention against the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) government, although evidence indicates that the group had tried to take over other governments prior to the AK Party.
The indictment claims that Ergenekon provided terrorist organizations, particularly the PKK, with monetary and logistic support. It notes that the group not only funded the PKK, which has been responsible for a number of attacks on Turkey's troops, but also worked with the PKK in the drug trade. Other activities of the group included sending members to funerals of martyred soldiers to cause agitation, according to the indictment.
Documents seized during the raids show that the National Forces Association, led by retired Col. Fikri Karadağ, and the Association for the Union of Patriotic Forces (VKGB), led by Taner Ünal, actively worked to fan Turkish-Kurdish conflict. The indictment has a chapter called "The Purpose of [Ergenekon's] Civil Society Organizations," which states: "In past years some hit men in the National Forces Association, a part of the Ergenekon terrorist organization, had planned to stage attacks against our Kurdish citizens to trigger a Turkish and Kurdish conflict which would serve, ultimately, the primary purpose of the organization to create an atmosphere of chaos and conflict in the entire country."
The indictment cites a remark from Karadağ, who said during an oath ceremony for new members of the group, "We may fall or we may die for this cause," referring to the fight against Kurdish separatism. The speech was made in Mersin, one of the cities with the fastest growing Kurdish population in the country. A transcript of a phone conversation that is included in the indictment between Ergenekon suspects Muhammet Yüce and Karadağ conveys a similar message. Yüce told Karadağ, "I will bomb the Democratic Society Party [DTP]," referring to an office building of the DTP. Karadağ replied: "Don't do anything without my knowledge. [Otherwise] you could give them the upper hand. We will do it when we want to, not when they want." In the same conversation, Karadağ stated that he had advised two people having problems with their Kurdish neighbors "not to surrender" because his organization would "do everything necessary in a deliberate manner."
The indictment contains the transcript of another phone conversation between Karadağ and a person named Nazmi on Oct. 12, 2007. This transcript conveys how Ergenekon views Turkey's Kurdish citizens. In the transcript, Nazmi asked, "What will happen with the situation of these Kurds?" Karadağ replied: "Everyone who betrays this nation will see trouble. They don't have a place in this country. They will be kicked out of here and go to hell. All of them will go to hell. You know, the best of these [Kurds] are the dead ones."
Mersin: a pilot site for social engineering
The indictment indicates that the VKGB spread the word in Mersin that "the PKK has taken over the city" and called on all Yörüks -- people descended from nomadic groups -- to wage war against the Kurds. The VKGB's Mersin chapter, led by Mesut Sezer, made great efforts to provoke the Yörük villages, whose people are known for their respect for nationalistic values. In a visit to promote the association to a Yörük village, the indictment quotes Sezer as asking the villagers: "Unfortunately, we can no longer call Diyarbakır a Turkish city, can we? I ask you, can we call Mersin that? No, we can't. You will not be able to call Mersin a Turkish city in two years. This is a war of independence, dear friends." Secret witness number 17, whose identity is protected for security reasons, testified to the prosecutor that the VKGB had ordered two Turkish flags burned during a demonstration to provoke people.
Common goals with the PKK
The ultimate purpose of the Ergenekon and PKK terrorist organizations are the same: to provoke a Turkish-Kurdish conflict which would eventually create an atmosphere of chaos. The indictment notes: "The separatist terrorist organization has the ultimate purpose of founding an independent, united Kurdistan, and this is why it has been promoting ethnic separatism and has been trying to create a Turkish-Kurdish conflict for a long time. The Ergenekon organization has been using various strategies to engineer a Turkish-Kurdish conflict in Turkey and works to divide the Republic of Turkey with these plans."
Separatist campaign from 'Turkish Left'
The Turkish Left magazine, an ultranationalist weekly at whose offices Ergenekon members came together frequently, has been working actively to create ethnic separatism in the country. In December 2007, the magazine started a campaign titled "I shop from Turks; my money does not go to the PKK." In the 165th issue of the magazine columnist Gökçe Fırat sarcastically noted, "Oh, our Kurdish brothers would never support the PKK." He then wrote, "Of course, not according to us but according to many other people this is the situation in our country: Kurds in Turkey are not brothers of the Turks but opponents. The Kurds are the funding source of the PKK."
Last Mod: 30 Temmuz 2008, 08:06