Kashmiris fear Pakistan's N. Areas package to harm independence case

Kashmiri politicians says Pakistan's Northern Areas package will undermine their case for independence from India.

Kashmiris fear Pakistan's N. Areas package to harm independence case

Kashmiri politicians opposed a Pakistani plan on Monday they say is aimed at integrating the strategic but disputed Northern Areas into Pakistan, saying it will undermine their case for independence from India.

The Northern Areas of Gilgit and Baltistan were bundled in with Kashmir and demarcated as disputed territory under U.N. resolutions passed after Pakistan and India fought the first of their three wars in 1948.

Bordering China on one side and the region of Ladakh on the other, Pakistan's sparsely populated Northern Areas are known to mountaineers as the home of many of the world's highest peaks.

Pakistan and India fought a brief but intense border conflict in the Kargil sector of this region in 1999.

On Saturday, Pakistan Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani unveiled a reform package that would result in these areas having their own governor and chief minister.

The areas have also been renamed as Gilgit-Baltistan.

"Harming interests"

Amanullah Khan, leader of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, rejected the package, saying it appeared to be aimed at merging the disputed areas into Pakistan.

"We strongly condemn this package. It will harm the interests of Pakistan as well as Kashmiris," he told Reuters.

"It looks like they are integrating these areas into Pakistan as done by India."
Sardar Atiqque Ahmed Khan, a pro-Pakistan politician and a former prime minister of Pakistan-ruled Kashmir, also expressed reservations about the package.

"We support internal autonomy for these areas ... but such moves to unilaterally alter the status of these areas and gradually give them the status of a province are suspicious and unacceptable," he said.

Pakistani Kashmir, known as Azad Kashmir, enjoys some sort of self-rule with its own government, parliament and flag, but the Northern Areas are directly ruled by Islamabad.

India holds about 45 percent of Kashmir and Pakistan more than a third. China controls the remainder.

Analysts say the reform package appears to be aimed at striking a balance between giving some sort of internal autonomy to the Northern Areas without undermining Pakistan's position on the Kashmir dispute.

"They have met the demands of people of the Northern Areas on a limited scale," said Hasan Askari Rizvi, a political analyst.

"It's a mid-way house. They will give them some concessions and then will wait and see what happens to the Kashmir issue."

Kashmiris see India as an "occupier" and accuse the ruling of systematic violations, killing dozens of civilians in Himalayan region.

Tens of thousands of Muslims have been killed since pro-independent moves grew against Indian rule in 1989.

In 1948, the United Nations adopted a resolution calling for a referendum for Kashmir to determine whether the Himalayan region should be part of India and Pakistan. But India has rejected to hold referendum in Kashmiri territory.

Indian security forces have been accused in the past of human rights violations, including rape and extrajudicial killings.

Authorities deny any systematic violations and say all reports are investigated and the guilty punished.


Last Mod: 01 Eylül 2009, 14:53
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