Ryan Henry, principal deputy undersecretary of defense for policy, said Washington wanted to make sure the Chinese "have the forces necessary to provide for their genuine security needs and not to go beyond that," according to a Reuter report. He said the matter was addressed in the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), a blueprint for changes to U.S. strategy and forces due to be sent to Congress on Monday with U.S. President Bush's fiscal 2007 budget.
However, the Pentagon plan outlines that U.S. own military will be strengthened with a rising investment bill. In the Pacific, the U.S. Navy will add at least one aircraft carrier strike group and maintain 60 percent of its submarines, the Pentagon's draft plan said. In addition, the Navy is to double the number of attack submarines it buys to two a year by 2012. And, the Air Force is to bring forward by up to 20 years its plan for a new long-range strike capability, according to the draft.
The Bush administration frequently has voiced concern about China's growing military spending. The Pentagon has questioned China's double-digit defense spending increases, supported by a booming Chinese economy. Its previous reports on China's military allege China was spending two to three times more than the $26 billion announced as its defense budget for 2005.
According to a draft of the review made available by InsideDefense.com, a trade publication, the Pentagon is calling for a range of new weapons and capabilities "to help shape the choices of countries at strategic crossroads."
Michael Pillsbury, an advisor to the Pentagon who is author of two National Defense University books on the Chinese military, said the U.S. goal was to discourage China and Russia among others from spending large sums into "offensive, first-strike systems."
Henry, who advises Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld on military strategy and national security policy, said the United States wanted China "to make what we would view as the right sort of choices, and that is addressed in the QDR."
He made his remarks at an event sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a private research group, to preview in general terms the Pentagon review, which is mandated by Congress once every four years. Policy toward China is only one part of the report, which looks at U.S. defense strategy over the next 20 years.
According to the draft, which may have been subject to changes, the Pentagon wants to boost U.S. special operations forces by 15 percent and the number of special operations battalions by one-third as part of the U.S.-declared war on terrorism.
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