U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Indonesia on Wednesday on a visit aimed at "reaching out" to the Muslim world.
Some rallies by Islamic groups and students opposing Clinton's visit are planned.
US President Barack Obama lived in Jakarta for four years as a child.
Clinton arrived in the Indonesian capital from Japan on Wednesday afternoon, as part of a four-country Asian tour that also takes in South Korea and China.
Her visit to Indonesia is also in line with Obama's commitment to forge a better U.S. relationship with the Muslim world, where many of the policies of former president George W. Bush's administration, including the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, were deeply protested.
About 100 Muslim students some chanting "Allahu Akbar" (God is greatest) held a rally at Jakarta's presidential palace, some throwing shoes at a picture of Clinton.
"Do not let the U.S. dictate to us, especially on our foreign policy in the Middle East and Palestine," said a protester at another small rally in the capital.
The police have deployed 2,800 officers in the capital for Clinton's visit.
The U.S. Secretary of State is due to meet Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda on Wednesday and President Yudhoyono on Thursday. She will also visit the Jakarta-based headquarters of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Last Mod: 18 Şubat 2009, 11:43
The United States is Indonesia's second-biggest export destination after Japan, but Jakarta is concerned over a slide in exports of commodities such as palm oil, rubber and nickel to developed economies, as well as curbs on textile and shoe exports.
Indonesia also wants a bigger role in world affairs, notably in the Middle East, given its core position in ASEAN, its population of 226 million, and its location straddling key trade routes.