Germany's 'deep' Neo-Nazi trial begins on Monday

The trial of the extreme right-wing "National Socialist Underground" (NSU) accused of committing 10 racism-motivated murders starts on Monday.

Germany's 'deep' Neo-Nazi trial begins on Monday

World Bulletin/News Desk

During the NSU trials which have startled the country, the German public will seek answers to allegations of the “deep state” which have arisen due to the suspicious attitudes of the internal intelligence service.

The serial killings conducted by the NSU have led to the doubts regarding the work methods of the German state intelligence and police forces.

The case is expected to last for two years and 85 hearings.

A German neo-Nazi cell that waged a racist killing spree over a period of seven years without being detected by the authorities may have had a far bigger network of supporters than initially thought.

According to a report in the Bild newspaper on Sunday, security officials have compiled a list of 129 people who are suspected of helping the group, a

In addition, many more are believed to have helped provide the cell with money, false papers and weapons, according to Bild.

The inquiry into the NSU has exposed botched investigations, a lack of communication between German intelligence services and a failure to properly monitor members of far-right groups.

The "National Socialist Underground" (or NSU) trial, the highest-profile criminal case in Germany in the past decades, also brings into question modus operandi of Germany's domestic intelligence agencies, fueling doubts that German authorities had been "reluctant" to clamp down on the NSU when it staged its first attack, a bombing in 1998 in the city of Jena.

Expectations have been raised that the trial will shed light on suspicions involving German state institutions as there is popular belief that the German government was blind on its "right eye."

Heinz Fromm, president of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, resigned on 2 July 2012, shortly after it was revealed that his office had "accidentally" destroyed files regarding informants within far-right groups, which led to resignations of heads of intelligence agencies in four states. 

The focus of the trial will be a 38-year-old woman, Beate Zschaepe, accused of being an NSU founder member and of involvement in the murders.

Zschaepe, the only surviving member of the trio, is due to go on trial in Munich next week, charged with complicity in the murder of eight Turks, a Greek and a policewoman, two bombings in Cologne, and 15 bank robberies. Four others charged with assisting the NSU will sit with her on the bench.

A previously unknown neo-Nazi cell, the National Socialist Underground (NSU), is alleged to have carried out the murders of the eight Turks, a Greek and a policewoman over a period from 2000 to 2007.

The existence of the cell came to light by chance after two members committed suicide after a botched bank robbery.

Zschaepe allegedly set fire to a flat she shared with the men in Zwickau, 180 kilometres away, and fled. Four days later she turned herself in to police in Jena.

In the charred remnants of the caravan police found the gun used to murder all 10 victims. They also found a grotesque DVD presenting the NSU and claiming responsibility for the killings. In it the bodies of the murder victims are pictured while a cartoon Pink Panther tots up the number of dead.

Zschaepe is being charged with complicity in the murders committed by the deceased Mundlos and Böhnhardt.

There is also evidence that Zschaepe was near the location of the murder committed on June 9, 2005 in Nuremberg.

Former leader of the extreme right-wing Nationalist Democratic Party of Germany (NPD) Ralf Wohlleben will also be tried in the NSU case.

The defendant Carsten S. (33), who is pending trial, is accused of fulfilling Wohlleben’s instructions of supplying the weapon.

It is claimed that Andre E. (33), a bricklayer pending trial, was the person must trusted by the NSU’s 2 dead and 1 surviving members.

Holger G. (33) is accused of supporting the members of the cell and providing them with a quantity of identification documents such as vehicle licenses and passports.

Victims 

The first victim of the NSU was Enver Simsek, a Turk in Nurnberg, who was murdered on September 9, 2000. In 2001, the group staged a bomb attack on a market in Cologne, seriously wounding the Iranian owner.

The second victim was Abdurrahim Ozudogru who was killed on June 13 in 2001. He was a dressmaker from Nurnberg.

Two weeks later, Suleyman Taskopru, who owned a grocery store, was murdered on June 27 in Hamburg.

The fourth killing came in Munich on August 29, 2011, when Habil Kilic was murdered and the NSU went into hiding for the next two and a half years until they acted again in February 2004 to murder Mehmet Turgut, owner of a kebab shop on in Rostock.

On 9 June 2004, a pipe bomb was detonated in Cologne in a business area popular with immigrants from Turkey. Twenty-two people were wounded, four sustained serious injuries. A barber's shop was completely destroyed, many shops and numerous parked cars were seriously damaged by the explosion and nails were added to the bomb for extra damage.

Ismail Yasar, a kebab shop owner, was killed on June 9, 2005 in Nurnberg, and seven days later a Greek national, Theodoros Boulgarides, was killed in his shop in the vicinity of a crime scene from the previous murder of August 2011 in Munich.

On April 4, 2006, the kiosk vendor Mehmet Kubasik was found dead in his shop in Dortmund and the trio killed their last foreign victim Halil Yozgat, an internet cafe owner, two days later in Kassel. 

Last Mod: 04 Mayıs 2013, 15:57
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