World Bulletin / News Desk
The Turkish parliament has prepared a report on the self-styled Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) which has been running amok in neighboring Syria and Iraq.
According to the report, the ISIL has between 5,000 and 15,000 members and receives major financial backing from sponsors in the Arab Gulf states.
Turkey's Daily Star reported that the group first started off as "Tawhid and Jihad" but later became known as "Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia" after joining the Al Qaeda network. It then took on the name "Islamic State of Iraq" when current leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi became its first-in-command in 2006.
After gaining new recruits from Sunni tribes in Iraq's Anbar province in 2008, the group became more active in the fight against the Baghdad-based government.
After entering the war in Syria, they clashed with other rebel groups including the Al Qaeda-affiliated Nusra Front, Ahrah al-Sham and others.
In addition to sponsors from the Gulf states, the ISIL also makes profit from exports from oil wells in its domain in eastern Syria as well as an extensive trade network in Iraq's Nineveh.
Furthermore, the ISIL has made financial gains from war booty, especially from money looted from banks.Last Mod: 22 Haziran 2014, 11:39