Almost a million people lost their lives on roads in Brazil between 1980 and 2011, and the number of motorcyclist fatalities soared by nearly 1,000 percent between 1996 and 2011.
In total, 980,838 people died as a result of traffic accidents in Brazil in those 31 years, according to figures from the Map of Violence 2013 by the Brazilian Center for Latin American Studies (Cebela) released Thursday.
The most recent year in the study, 2011, registered the highest death toll since record keeping began with 22.5 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, or a total of 43,256 deaths on the roads. The only other time this peak was reached was in 1996 – shortly beforeBrazil’s new Traffic Code was introduced.
The types of accidents have also changed as Brazil became significantly safer for pedestrians, with such deaths falling by 52.1% between 1996 and 2011.
However, the number of motorcyclists killed has increased from 1,421 in 1996 to 14,666 in 2011 – an increase of 932.1 percent.
The increased death toll among car drivers has been less extreme with a 72.9% increase from 1996 to 2011.
“Until 1997, the [Ministry of Health] recorded strong increases in the number of deaths, mainly between 1993 and 1997. From the new Traffic Code, promulgated in September 1997, and up to 2000, the numbers fall with the rigor of the new statute and the campaigns that it generated,” the report notes. “But from 2000, one can observe new and marked increases.”
The rate of deaths per 100,000 people fell steadily after the Traffic Code was introduced in 1997, but has risen steadily since 2000 to 22.5 in 2011, a 31.7% increase over those 11 years.
An Associated Press investigation earlier this year found that cars built in Brazil have few safety features and are built with materials of inferior quality compared to models manufactured for consumers in the US or Europe. The report said that four of Brazil's five bestselling cars failed independent crash tests, and that unsafe cars contribute considerably to the highBrazilian death rate from accidents.
Brazil’s driving conditions are also not ideal as many roads are riven by deep potholes, while traffic jams, especially around industrial powerhouse Sao Paulo, snake for hundreds of kilometers and last for many hours.
The most dangerous state to be on the road is Tocantins, with 37.9 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Despite Sao Paulo’s dense population and notoriously terrible traffic, it ranked lower with 17.7 deaths per 100,000 people. Similarly, Rio de Janeiro has a death rate of 17.2, while the state with the fewest deaths is the sparsely populated and heavily forested Amazonas with a rate of 14.4.
AALast Mod: 22 Kasım 2013, 17:28