The bill, which caused tension between Turkey's leading political parties when it was proposed, will be submitted to President Abdullah Gul for ratification.
The law transfers some of the powers of the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors, known as the HSYK, to its chairman, the justice minister.
One of the most controversial issues that dominated Turkey's political climate recently is the judicial changes that have implemented a number of new regulations.
The following are some of the most notable changes introduced by the bill:
- The bill stipulates that the justice minister has the authority to appoint the HSYK members to their departments. In the past, the plenary committee of the HSYK was responsible for these appointments.
- The HSYK Inspection Council will operate on behalf of the board under the governance of the justice minister. The president and the vice president of the inspection board will be appointed by the justice minister.
- The HSYK was unable to convene twice before due to the requirement which stipulates that a quota of 15 members are required to start a session, the fact that some members were on leave halted the process. A new regulation states at least 12 members will be enough to hold a meeting.
- Beginning from the law's enforcement, the existing tenures of the secretary general, deputy secretary generals, inspection board presidents, inspection board vice presidents, inspectors, investigating judges and administrative staff will end. New holders of the posts will be appointed by the justice minister. In the past, the plenary committee was responsible for these appointments.
- The justice minister will have the mandate to launch investigations into members of the HSYK, but the prosecutions will be conducted by the plenary committee.
The Justice and Development Party had earlier sought an agreement with opposition parties for a constitutional amendment to change the judicial board. That plan fell by the wayside when the two opposition parties rejected the ruling party's offer.