Several initiatives are being floated in hopes of finding a solution to the ongoing political crisis in Egypt, which focus mainly on excluding both ousted President Mohamed Morsi and the military from the political scene by speeding up elections.
One proposal suggests a safe exit for Morsi, which means allowing him to return to his home, suspending any current or future legal claims against him and according him treatment fit for a former president.
The initiative, sponsored by liberal politician and former presidential candidate Ayman Nour, demands the release of all detainees and a halt to police crackdowns and harassment of any particular political current.
It proposes a similar breakdown for the army-imposed transitional period, with constitutional amendments and parliamentary elections within three months followed by presidential polls within three months.
The initiative also opposes any change to constitutional articles on state identity, Islamic law or the armed forces.
Morsi, Egypt's first democratically elected president, was deposed by the military on July 3 after mass demonstrations against his regime.
The powerful army also suspended the constitution and installed Adly Mansour, head of Egypt's constitutional court, as interim president.
Mansour has since dissolved the Shura Council, the Islamist-led upper house of parliament, and outlined a transitional period to begin with constitutional amendments and end with presidential polls.
The ouster of Morsi, who remains detained at an undisclosed location, has thrown the country into a political crisis, with at least 190 people killed in political violence and clashes since Morsi's ouster on July 3.
A second proposal suggests expediting presidential elections, while dismissing the idea of a safe exit for Morsi.
It calls for the swift handover of power to elected institutions, no exclusion of any political current, and the military's exit from the political process.
The initiative, sponsored by a number of political groups, suggests holding presidential elections within three months, to be followed by parliamentary polls within the next three months.
It also calls for delaying constitutional amendments until after elections due to the current state of political polarization in Egypt.
A third initiative, proposed by the Hadara Center for Political Studies, describes Morsi's ouster as a "coup", but does not see his return to power as a solution to the crisis.
The center proposes the formation of an inclusive coalition government to prepare for early presidential elections within three months and parliamentary polls within six months.
It also suggests the formation of neutral panels to oversee national reconciliation efforts, amending the constitution, and halting all repressive measures against Islamists and pro-Morsi demonstrators.
Since Morsi's ouster, scores of Muslim Brotherhood leaders and senior Islamist figures have been detained and their assets frozen.
Another initiative tabled by a host of prominent figures, including veteran journalist Fahmi Howeidi and political scientist Seif Abdel-Fattah, calls for greater commitment to the goals of Egypt's January 2011 revolution, such as better living standards, freedom and social justice.
Opposing military rule with a civilian face, this initiative calls for the reactivation of the suspended constitution and the formation of a panel to oversee constitutional amendments democratically and constitutionally.
It also calls for Egypt's return to the democratic path and respect for all human rights and personal, legal and political freedoms.
Kamal Habib, an expert in Islamist groups, believes a solution can be reached provided confidence-building measures are taken.
"The two camps should make concessions in order to render these initiatives successful," he told the Anadolu Agency.
"At the same time, measures should be taken to build confidence, including the release of all detainees and providing guarantees not to pursue Morsi supporters," he added.
Habib also warned against applying a purely security solution to the crisis.
"This option would be catastrophic," he said. "There is no alternative to dialogue and negotiations."
AALast Mod: 24 Temmuz 2013, 12:11