The judge ordered the summoning of former head of the Republican Guard, who served under Morsi, Ahmed Zaki and other high-level Republican Guard officials for testimony in Wednesday's hearing.
Tuesday's brief session, attended by Morsi, is the fourth in the trial, in which Morsi and 14 other defendants - including several high-ranking Muslim Brotherhood leaders - face charges of inciting the murder of opposition demonstrators outside Cairo's Ittihadiya presidential palace in late 2012.
Seven of the defendants are being tried in absentia.
Morsi, the country's first democratically elected president, was unseated by Egypt's military last July following protests against his one-year presidency.
The ousted leader has since been detained pending trial on multiple charges, which he – along with other defendants in the various cases against him – says are politically motivated.
Morsi insists that he still represents Egypt's legitimate president and has refused to recognize the trial's legitimacy.