Turkey closes embassy, UN calls for Houthi withdrawal in Yemen

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has demanded that Houthi rebels in Yemen give up control of government institutions and put down arms, according to a resolution unanimously passed at an emergency meeting World Bulletin / News DeskTurkey has closed its embassy in Yemen, the Foreign Ministry in Ankara said on Monday, the latest of a number of foreign powers to withdraw their diplomats as the country's civil conflict worsens.The ambassador and other embassy staff had returned to Turkey, a Foreign Ministry official told Reuters.Diplomatic representatives of the United States and several European governments, as well as Saudi Arabia, have already left Yemen.The Turkish Foreign Ministry said its embassy would resume activities when state authority had been reasserted, according to an e-mailed statement.The ministry had at the weekend called on Turkish citizens to leave Yemen.UN CALLThe United Nations Security Council on Sunday demanded Houthi militia in Yemen withdraw from government institutions, called for an end to foreign interference and threatened "further steps" if the violence does not stop.The United Nations has warned that Yemen is collapsing. Shi'ite Muslim Houthi fighters have sidelined the central government after seizing the capital Sanaa in September and expanding across Yemen, which borders oil giant Saudi Arabia.Al Qaeda and other Sunni Muslim militants have since stepped up attacks. Yemen is home to Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, one of the global network's most active arms, which has carried out attacks abroad.The 15-nation Security Council unanimously adopted a British- and Jordanian-drafted resolution on the crisis on Sunday.The Gulf Cooperation Council, a six-nation bloc comprising energy-rich Gulf states, had urged the Security Council to adopt a resolution under Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, which allows decisions to be enforced with economic sanctions or force. The approved U.N. resolution is not under Chapter 7.The council declared its readiness to take "further steps" if the resolution is not implemented by parties in Yemen. In November, the council imposed sanctions on Yemen's former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, and two Houthi leaders.It "deplores actions taken by the Houthis to dissolve parliament and take over Yemen's government institutions, including acts of violence." DEMAND FOR NEGOTIATIONSIt demands the Houthis engage in good faith in U.N.-brokered negotiations on a political settlement, withdraw their forces from government institutions, release Yemen's president, prime minister and other cabinet members from house arrest and stop undermining the political transition and the security of Yemen.The Houthis started off as a revivalist group for Yemen's Zaydi Shi'ite Muslim sect in the north of the country, before morphing over the past decade into a revolutionary movement with national ambitions, and an ally of Iran.The resolution "calls on all member states to refrain from external interference which seeks to foment conflict and instability and instead to support the political transition."It "demands that all parties in Yemen, cease all armed hostilities against the people and the legitimate authorities ofYemen and relinquish the arms seized from Yemen's military and security institutions."Tens of thousands of Yemenis demonstrated in several cities on Saturday against the rule of the Houthi movement as clashes between Houthis and Sunnis in a southern mountainous region left 26 dead.The Security Council called on all parties to ensure the security of diplomats and diplomatic premises. Saudi Arabia, the United States and other western countries have closed embassies due to fears of worsening violence.

Turkey closes embassy, UN calls for Houthi withdrawal in Yemen


World Bulletin / News Desk

 The Turkish embassy in Sanaa, the restive capital of Yemen, has been closed according to Turkey’s foreign ministry.

The mission suspended its activities after “ensuring necessary security measures for Turkish citizens in Yemen," according to official sources on Monday.

The United States, United Kingdom and France made similar announcements last week.

Yemen's political crisis, instability, mass social protests and conflict between opposing parties across the country have caused serious security weaknesses, the Turkish statement said.

“The Turkish Embassy will restart its activities when security, public order, national dialogue and reconciliation based on legitimate state authority are established in Yemen,” it added.

Turkey has reiterated a travel warning for its citizens which the Foreign Ministry issued on Saturday, calling on its citizens to immediately leave the country

UN CALL

The United Nations Security Council on Sunday demanded Houthi militia in Yemen withdraw from government institutions, called for an end to foreign interference and threatened "further steps" if the violence does not stop.

The United Nations has warned that Yemen is collapsing. Shi'ite Muslim Houthi fighters have sidelined the central government after seizing the capital Sanaa in September and expanding across Yemen, which borders oil giant Saudi Arabia.

Al Qaeda and other Sunni Muslim militants have since stepped up attacks. Yemen is home to Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, one of the global network's most active arms, which has carried out attacks abroad.

The 15-nation Security Council unanimously adopted a British- and Jordanian-drafted resolution on the crisis on Sunday.

The Gulf Cooperation Council, a six-nation bloc comprising energy-rich Gulf states, had urged the Security Council to adopt a resolution under Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, which allows decisions to be enforced with economic sanctions or force. The approved U.N. resolution is not under Chapter 7.

The council declared its readiness to take "further steps" if the resolution is not implemented by parties in Yemen. In November, the council imposed sanctions on Yemen's former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, and two Houthi leaders.

It "deplores actions taken by the Houthis to dissolve parliament and take over Yemen's government institutions, including acts of violence."

DEMAND FOR NEGOTIATIONS

It demands the Houthis engage in good faith in U.N.-brokered negotiations on a political settlement, withdraw their forces from government institutions, release Yemen's president, prime minister and other cabinet members from house arrest and stop undermining the political transition and the security of Yemen.

The Houthis started off as a revivalist group for Yemen's Zaydi Shi'ite Muslim sect in the north of the country, before morphing over the past decade into a revolutionary movement with national ambitions, and an ally of Iran.

The resolution "calls on all member states to refrain from external interference which seeks to foment conflict and instability and instead to support the political transition."

It "demands that all parties in Yemen, cease all armed hostilities against the people and the legitimate authorities ofYemen and relinquish the arms seized from Yemen's military and security institutions."

Tens of thousands of Yemenis demonstrated in several cities on Saturday against the rule of the Houthi movement as clashes between Houthis and Sunnis in a southern mountainous region left 26 dead.

The Security Council called on all parties to ensure the security of diplomats and diplomatic premises. Saudi Arabia, the United States and other western countries have closed embassies due to fears of worsening violence.

Last Mod: 16 Şubat 2015, 11:34
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