65th anniversary of the Palestinian Catastrophe: 'Nekbe'

Due to the deportation, torture, destruction and wreckage, for Palestinians 1948— the year of the state of Israel’s founding— is a big catastrophe, a "Nekbe.”

65th anniversary of the Palestinian Catastrophe: 'Nekbe'

Abdullah A. Kalabalik/ World Bulletin

On its 65th anniversary, Palestinians are remembering the big disaster of "Nekbe." Palestinians refer to the year 1948 as "Nekbe.” The term came into Turkish via English as “Nakba,” and in English it is read as "Nakba," as in the Arabic.

Due to the deportation, torture, destruction and wreckage, for Palestinians 1948— the year of the state of Israel’s founding— is a big catastrophe, a "Nekbe.”

According to the official Palestinian figures, 1 million 400 thousand Paletinians lived on Palestinian lands before Israel’s occupation of them. Of this population, 800 thousand people were forced from their villages and driven to the West Bank or neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Jordan and Syria.

Currently 11.8 million inhabitants reside on the land of historic Palestine. Despite the Jewish population being 51 percent, they live on 85 percent of the land. The other 49 percent, the Palestinians, strive to maintain their existence on the remaining 15 percent of the territory.

According to sources such as Al Jazeera, Zionist gangs carried out 70 different massacres in 1948. 15 thousand Palestinians were murdered in these massacres.

Prior to 1948 Palestinians lived in 1,300 towns and cities. Jews seizes 774 of these inhabited areas and completely destroyed 531 villages by leveling them to the ground.

The total population of Palestinians, who numbered 1.4 million in 1948, is 11.6 million today. Of this population, 5.6 million are located in the West Bank and Gaza, while the rest remain in exile. No rights, such as education and the ownership of property, are granted to Palestinians living in camps in Lebanon.

Since the Palestine Liberation Organization assumes a stance against neighboring countries granting Palestinians citizenship, for 65 years the Palestinian people have been regarded as third class residents of slums. Only Jordan has given Palestinians citizenship in spite of the PLO’s pressure.

In comparison to Palestinians in Lebanon and Syria, Palestinians living in Jordan display stronger emotions regarding career, education, property acquisition, confidence, homeland and state. Younger Palestinian generations in other countries still live the Nekbe or disaster.

According to the data from 2013, 5.3 million Palestinians still remain as refugees. 59 percent of refuges reside in Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, 17 percent in the West Bank, and 24 percent in the Gaza Strip. Gaza itself is actually a refugee camp.

There are 12 different refugee in Lebanon, 9 in Syria, and 10 in Jordan. These places are still referred to as "muhayyemat," meaning tent city is Arabic.

Palestinians who did not depart from their homeland despite all the implementations against them are called the "48" According to the data from 2012, the population of “48” Palestinians living on “Israeli” soil as Israeli citizens number 1.4 million.

The Jews living in Palestine in 1918 accounted for 8 percent of the population. Only 1.56 percent of the land belonged to the Jews. According to the data on the "Nekbe" website, there were approximately 5 thousand Jews in Palestine in 1800. The number rose to 55 thousand by 1918, and 650 thousand in 1948.

Alongside World War II and Hitler's implementations, propaganda undertaken for the “upgrade to Israel” of Jews has been effective in the rise of the Jewish population. Jews designate migration to Israel as “moving up-ascent” and departure from Israel as “stepping down-descent.” Those who leave after coming to Israel and receiving citizenship are referred to as those “who went down.”

The Jews invaded the whole of Israel, the Syrian Golan Heights, and the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula during the 1948 and 1967 wars, and invaded southern Lebanon in 1982.

Up until 1973 the supremacy of Israel and its allies over the against Arab countries is in question. The balance shifted after the October 6, 1973 war when, under the Anwar Sadat administration, Egypt removed Israeli troops from the Sinai Peninsula.

In the new era, it can be seen that the forces of resistance have secured an evident supremacy over Israel. The evidence for this is the successful removal of Israel from Lebanon by Hezbollah, and from Gaza by the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas.

Last Mod: 02 Temmuz 2013, 18:44
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