World Bulletin / News Desk
Documents that were recently found on a hard disk from the General Staff revealed thousands of employees working at ministries were blacklisted for engaging in reactionary activities by the plotters of Feb. 28 postmodern coup, who also sought punishment for those blacklisted personnel.
On the hard disk, which the General Staff has sent to the İstanbul 13th High Criminal Court hearing the trial against Ergenekon, a criminal network accused of working to overthrow the government, some documents were found regarding the Feb. 28 postmodern coup that took place in 1997.
On Feb. 28, 1997, the Turkish military forced the coalition government led by the now-defunct conservative Welfare Party (RP) out of power, citing alleged rising religious fundamentalism in the country.
The recently found documents show that the coup plotters also put pressure on the ministries and forced them to discharge personnel who it said were connected with reactionary activities.
According to the documents, the coup plotters sent statements to 16 ministries informing them about personnel who were alleged to be engaging in reactionary activities and also show that the military junta applied pressure on the ministries, demanding them to punish those personnel.
According to the documents, the military junta also monitored whether the ministries meted out the punishments it deemed necessary to those members of staff it listed in its statements. Aside from the ministries, the junta also forced the Higher Education Board (YÖK) and the Religious Affairs Directorate to take similar action against certain members of its staff.
A total of 4,226 state employees are listed as engaging in reactionary activities in the documents. Of those, 1,149 were from the Education Ministry, 648 from YÖK and 532 from the Interior Ministry, 418 from the Health Ministry, 241 from the Religious Affairs Directorate and 180 people from the Justice Ministry. Those people were sorted out under the titles such as “Personnel who were punished,” Personnel being investigated,” “Personnel who were not found necessary to investigate,” which clearly shows that coup plotters also followed what measures were taken by the ministries regarding those individuals in the time after they sent the statements.
A total of 252 people out of 1,149 blacklisted employees were punished in the Education Ministry, while 32 were punished from the Health Ministry, the documents state. According to the documents, the Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of the Environment were the ministries who had the lowest number of personnel blacklisted by the junta: only one person from the Foreign Ministry, and two from the Environment Ministry.
Furthermore, 19 individuals were punished from the Justice Ministry. Twenty-five employees were punished in YÖK, while 42 received various punishments in the Religious Affairs Directorate.
The Feb. 28 coup brought a series of severe restrictions on religious life, including an unofficial but widely practiced ban on the use of headscarves by women at university campuses and in positions of public service. The military was also purged of members with suspected ties to religious groups and even officers who were simply observant Muslims. Thousands of public servants and ordinary citizens were blacklisted during the Feb. 28 coup era. These blacklisted people were deprived of their fundamental rights. They were prosecuted and sent into exile.Last Mod: 03 Mart 2013, 18:03