World Bulletin/News Desk
Turkish President Abdullah Gul on Friday approved a law on the prevention of financing terrorism.
The law makes arrangements to be able to fight against financing terrorism, to implement the decisions of the UN Security Council on terrorism and on freezing assets of those individuals or states involved in financing terrorism.
Any person financing terrorism may be sentenced to 10 years in prison according to the new law.
The newly adopted law has been met with condemnation by a number of civil society groups, which convened on Friday for an extraordinary joint meeting to evaluate the bill. The groups agreed that the law would make any humanitarian assistance in the world be seen as financing global terrorism.
The government stepped up its efforts in late January and brought the draft bill to a parliamentary commission, where it was adopted.
According to the new law targeting terrorism financing, anyone convicted of financially sponsoring terrorism will face a 10-year sentence. The law regulates norms on how to freeze property and introduces sentences as part of an efficient battle against the financing of terrorism in line with the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council.
Finance Minister Mehmet Şimşek said no one's accounts would be frozen arbitrarily due to the law. He said the law would strengthen the hand of Turkey in its fight against terrorism and force other countries to extradite suspected terrorists to Turkey.
“Turkey does not deserve to be in the same list as Iran or North Korea. Turkey has demanded the extradition of 384 terrorists in the past 10 years but only 23 of them have been extradited. I believe the law will strengthen the hand of Turkey in its demands for the extradition of terrorists,” he stated.
Due to the newly passed law, those who financially support terrorist networks or collect money on behalf of terrorist organizations will face a sentence from five to 10 years in prison. It is not necessary that a fund formed to support a terrorist network be used for an illegal activity in order for those involved to face time in prison.
With the publication of the law in the Official Gazette, Turkey will undertake any and all measures to freeze without delay the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of designated individuals and entities that were defined in a number of UN Security Council resolutions, namely Resolution 1267, Resolution 1988 and Resolution 1989.
In an earlier debate on the bill, Justice Minister Sadullah Ergin said Turkey would be demoted to the black list of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) if it failed to adopt the bill by Feb. 22. “There are two countries on the black list of the FATF: Iran and North Korea. If Turkey fails to adopt the legislation by Feb. 22, the Turkish economy may face serious problems,” he said.
The government has been under pressure for some time now from the FATF, a unit of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), to approve this bill in Parliament. The FATF has repeatedly warned that as a member of the FATF group, Turkey had failed to make sufficient progress in implementing its promised action plan to harmonize Turkish laws. In the plenary meeting held in Paris on Oct. 17-19 under the Norwegian presidency, the FATF decided to suspend Turkish membership as of Feb. 22, 2013, unless Turkey adopted this draft and established a mechanism for identifying and freezing terrorist assets in line with earlier FATF recommendations.
Ahmet Faruk Ünsal, head of the Association of Human Rights and Solidarity for Oppressed Peoples (MAZLUM-DER), said the law should either be withdrawn by Parliament or abolished. Necati Ceylan, secretary-general of the International Lawyers Association, argued that the law was aimed at blocking the activities of humanitarian aid associations. "People should spur into action for the abolition of the law. It intervenes in the rights and freedoms bestowed on human beings by God," he stated.
Towards the end of January, the government rushed the bill that had been sitting on Parliament's agenda for too long with no action having been taken on it to the relevant commission so that it could be voted through before the FATF suspension deadline. The original bill was submitted to Parliament in February 2011 but was dropped from the agenda when Parliament did not have the time to examine it before the national elections on June 12, 2011. The government re-sent the bill to Parliament in the new legislative session on Oct. 21, 2011.
The bill authorizes the Finance Ministry's Financial Crimes Investigation Board (MASAK) to freeze the assets of those involved in financing terrorism, whether domestically or internationally, without having to obtain a judge's ruling first.Last Mod: 16 Şubat 2013, 12:40