World Bulletin/News Desk
Peter Higgs and Francois Englert were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in identifying and discovering the Higgs boson, the so-called "God particle" that could explain how the universe's elementary particles obtained their mass shortly after the Big Bang.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced the winners at a press conference held this morning in Swedish capital Stockholm following a lengthy delay.
The two scientists would share a prize of 8 million Swedish Krona (about $1.2 million) that will be awarded at a ceremony in Stockholm in December.
In July 2012, researchers at CERN announced that they had identified a particle consistent with the Standard Model Higgs boson, after conducting a series of experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Geneva, Switzerland.
CERN has yet to confirm that the particle is indeed the Standard Model Higgs boson, though in March the organization said it is increasingly likely that it is a Higgs boson of some kind.
The discovery was hailed as one of the most important in physics.
Nobel Prize in Physics
First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize in Physics is one of five awards handed out each year, as established in the will of Swedish engineer Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.
Notable winners of the physics award include Pierre and Marie Curie (1903), Albert Einstein (1921), and Richard Feynman (1965). Drs. Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland won the prize last year for their work in measuring and manipulating individual quantum systems.
They also shared a monetary award of 8 million Swedish Krona, or about $1.2 million.
Nobel Medal in Physics
The medal of The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences represents Nature in the form of a goddess resembling Isis, emerging from the clouds and holding in her arms a cornucopia. The veil which covers her cold and austere face is held up by the Genius of Science.
The winners of Nobel Prize in Physics since 2001:
2001: Eric Cornell (US), Wolfgang Ketterle (Germany), Carl Wieman (US)
2002: Raymond Davis (US), Masatoshi Koshiba (Japan), Riccardo Giacconi (US)
2003: Alexei Abrikosov (Russia-US), Vitaly Ginzburg (Russia), Anthony Leggett (UK-US)
2004: David J. Gross (US), H. David Politzer (US), Frank Wilczek (US)
2005: Roy J. Glauber (US), John L. Hall (US), Theodor Haensch (Germany)
2006: John C. Mather (US), George F. Smoot (US)
2007: Albert Fert (France), Peter Grunberg (Germany)
2008: Makoto Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa (Japan) and Yoichiro Nambu (US)
2009: Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith (US)
2010: Andre Geim (Netherland) and Konstantin Novoselov (UK)
2011: Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Riess (UK)
2012: David Wineland (US) and Serge Haroche (Fransa)Last Mod: 08 Ekim 2013, 17:06