World Bulletin/News Desk
U.N.-sponsored talks in Geneva between rival Libyan factions aim to reach a political settlement to form a unity government that a majority of Libyans can support, U.N. Special Envoy for Libya Bernadino Leon said on Wednesday, and he hoped armed factions would observe a cease-fire to support the process.
Part of the Tripoli faction will only decide on Sunday whether to join the talks, but Leon said the door would stay open and he was encouraged that several municipalities allied to Tripoli had decided to come
Western governments hope talks in Geneva this week would ease a crisis in Libya where two rival governments and their forces are vying for control, three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.
"The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has confirmed that the meeting of Libyan parties will start tomorrow Wednesday 14 January 2015 in the afternoon at the Palais des Nations in Geneva," a U.N. statement said.
Bernardino Leon, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Libya and Head of UNSMIL, will give a press conference before talks start, it said, adding that the list of participants would follow.
The internationally recognized government of Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni has been based out of eastern Libya since the summer after a faction called Libya Dawn took over Tripoli and set up its self-declared government and legislature.
Tripoli-based forces said their legislature had postponed a decision over joining the Geneva talks until Sunday because of concerns about how the negotiations were organised.
"We do not reject dialogue, but we believe that the UN rushed to determine the date of the dialogue and its mechanisms," said Omar Hmaidan, spokesman for the Tripoli legislature on Monday. "We have decided to postpone the vote to participate or not to next Sunday."
The decision from Tripoli appeared to push back the chance of any meaningful talks between the two sides.
A delegation from the elected House of Representatives, representing Thinni's government, was already in Tunisia waiting to fly to Geneva, according to a parliament representative.
The European Union had called the Geneva talks the last chance for Libya, with Western governments increasingly concerned over the instability spilling into a broader civil war just across the Mediterranean from mainland Europe.
Diplomats expected the Geneva talks to be initial, indirect negotiations over U.N. objectives for a unity government and an end to hostilities rather than any swift resolution.
The conflict involves two broad coalitions of political rivals and their allied brigades of former rebels who once fought side by side against Gaddafi but have since turned against each other.
Thinni's government and forces are broadly anti-Islamic, allied to former rebel militias from the town of Zintan, and a former Gaddafi army general, Khalifa Haftar, who Thinni has incorporated into his government's armed forces.
Libya Dawn forces are mostly allied to the rival city of Misrata, but also include some Islamic-leaning former rebels and politicians. They deny charges they are linked to radical groups.
The new rulers in the capital are not recognised by the United Nations and world powers, but have taken over ministries, oil facilities, airports and much of western and central Libya.
Libya's oil production has slumped to around 300,000 barrels per day as petroleum revenues increasingly become the focus of fighting. Two major eastern oil ports and their fields are still closed after clashes for control of the terminals.Last Mod: 14 Ocak 2015, 17:58